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Table 2 Behavioral and life style characteristics of the study participants attending antenatal care at Gondar town public health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia: March 2018–January 2019 (N = 1027)

From: Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and associated factors among women attending antenatal care at Gondar town public health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Total participants (n = 1027) Normal (n = 896) GDM (n = 131) X2 P value
Level of physical activity
 High 322 (31.4) 299 (92.9) 23 (7.1) 100.841 < 0.001
 Moderate 460 (44.8) 429 (93.3) 31 (6.7)   
 Low 245 (23.9) 168 (68.6) 77 (31.4)   
Dietary diversity status
 Adequate (≥5) 497 (48.4) 461 (92.8) 36 (7.2) 26.294 < 0.001
 Inadequate (< 5) 530 (51.6) 435 (82.1) 95 (17.9)   
Alcohol intake
 No 574 (55.9) 497 (86.6) 77 (13.4) 0.508 0.476
 Yes 453 (44.1) 339 (88.1) 54 (11.9)   
Coffee intake
 No 291 (28.3) 249 (85.6) 42 (14.4) 1.027 0.311
 Yes 736 (71.7) 647 (87.9) 89 (12.1)   
Antenatal depression
 No 938 (91.3) 839 (89.4) 99 (10.6) 47.128 < 0.001
 Yes 89 (8.7) 57 (64) 32 (36)   
  1. GDM Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, x2 chi square