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Table 4 Association between symptom and laboratory confirmed vaginal infection

From: Prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis in pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the middle belt of Ghana

Symptoms Infection P-value
No infection (n = 259) BV only (n = 115) VVC only (n = 148) BV and VVC (n = 67)
Abdominal pain
 Present 52 (20.08) 30 (26.09) 28 (18.92) 27 (40.30) 0.002
 Absent 207 (79.92) 85 (73.91) 120 (81.08) 40 (59.70)  
Pruritis
 Present 46 (17.76) 34 (29.57) 35 (23.65) 27 (40.30) 0.001
 Absent 213 (82.24) 81 (70.43) 113 (76.35) 40 (59.70)  
Malodour
 Present 55 (21.24) 33 (28.70) 25 (16.89) 22 (32.84) 0.025
 Absent 204 (78.76) 82 (71.30) 123 (83.11) 45 (67.16)  
Dysuria
 Present 22 (8.49) 11 (9.57) 11 (7.43) 14 (20.90) 0.013
 Absent 237 (91.51) 104 (90.43) 137 (92.57) 53 (79.10)  
Altered discharge
 Present 84 (32.43) 49 (42.61) 43 (29.05) 38 (56.72) < 0.001
 Absent 175 (67.57) 66 (57.39) 105 (70.95) 29 (43.28)  
Some symptom (Abdominal pain, Pruritis, Malodour, Dysuria and/or Altered discharge)
 Yes 89 (34.36) 51 (44.35) 47 (31.76) 41 (61.19) < 0.001
 No 170 (65.64) 64 (55.65) 101 (68.24) 26 (38.81)