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Table 9 WA-only Regression Model Results

From: Social determinants of health and disparities in prenatal care utilization during the Great Recession period 2005-2010

Washington State: Late/No PNC
  Coef. Robust Std. Err. 95% Conf. Interval Coef. Robust Std. Err. 95% Conf. Interval Coef. Robust Std. Err. 95% Conf. Interval
  Baseline (n= 64814) Period 1 (n= 52460) Period 2 (n= 48628)
Maternal Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White (1) referent    referent    referent   
Hispanic White (2) 0.038* 0.011 0.016 - 0.061 0.023 0.012 -0.002 - 0.047 0.030* 0.007 0.017 - 0.044
Non-Hispanic Black (3) -0.013* 0.012 -0.038 - 0.013 0.015 0.008 -0.001 - 0.032 0.006 0.007 -0.008 - 0.021
Age
< 14 years (1) 0.298* 0.032 0.233 - 0.364 0.341* 0.057 0.226 - 0.457 0.306* 0.069 0.166 - 0.446
15-19 years (2) 0.147* 0.011 0.124 - 0.169 0.144* 0.014 0.116 - 0.172 0.113* 0.007 0.099 - 0.126
20-24 years (3) 0.062* 0.006 0.049 - 0.075 0.078* 0.008 0.061 - 0.095 0.056* 0.005 0.045 - 0.066
25-29 years (4) 0.014* 0.004 0.007 - 0.021 0.021* 0.005 0.011 - 0.031 0.017* 0.002 0.012 - 0.022
30-34 years (5) referent    referent    referent   
35-39 years (6) 0.000 0.003 -0.006 - 0.007 0.005 0.004 -0.003 - 0.014 0.007 0.008 -0.010 - 0.023
40+ years (7) 0.002 0.005 -0.010 - 0.013 0.039* 0.009 0.020 - 0.057 0.013 0.009 -0.006 - 0.032
Marital Status
Married (1) referent    referent    referent   
Not Married (0) 0.059* 0.008 0.042 - 0.077 0.053* 0.014 0.025 - 0.082 0.045* 0.008 0.028 - 0.061
Foreign-Born Status
Not Foreign-Born (0) referent    referent    referent   
Foreign-Born (1) 0.056* 0.010 0.035 - 0.076 0.066* 0.011 0.043 - 0.089 0.063* 0.007 0.048 - 0.078
Education
Less than HS education (1) 0.058* 0.015 0.042-0.077 0.051* 0.008 0.034 - 0.067 0.037* 0.012 0.012 - 0.061
HS diploma or GED (2) 0.022* 0.006 0.011-0.034 0.010 0.006 -0.002 - 0.021 0.026* 0.006 0.014 - 0.038
Some College (3) referent    referent    referent   
Insurance Payer
Medicaid (1) 0.089* 0.011 0.067 - 0.110 0.101* 0.016 0.068 - 0.134 0.084* 0.012 0.060 - 0.108
Private Insurance (2) referent    referent    referent   
Self-Pay/ Uninsured (3) 0.187* 0.015 0.157 - 0.216 0.224* 0.024 0.175 - 0.273 0.153* 0.023 0.107 - 0.198
Other (Indian Health Service, CHAMPUS, Tricare, etc.) (8) 0.030 0.026 -0.023 - 0.083 0.022 0.029 -0.037 - 0.081 0.047* 0.021 0.005 - 0.090
Unknown (9) 0.010 0.019 -0.029 - 0.049 0.047 0.040 -0.035 - 0.129 0.041 0.027 -0.013 - 0.095
WIC Enrollment Status
Yes WIC (1) -0.004 0.007 -0.019 - 0.011 0.006 0.010 -0.014 - 0.027 0.003 0.013 -0.023 - 0.030
No WIC (0) referent    referent    referent   
Unemployment Rate -0.002 0.009 -0.020 - 0.015 0.000 0.002 -0.003 - 0.003 -0.005 0.005 -0.015 - 0.005
Community Poverty -0.019 0.024 -0.068 - 0.030 -0.061* 0.030 -0.123 - 0.001 -0.081* 0.027 -0.136 - -0.026
Median HH Income 2.35E-06 2.48E-06 -2.69e-06 - 7.40e-06 4.71E-06 3.03E-06 -1.45e-06 - 0.000 1.79E-06 2.47E-06 -3.22e-06
- 6.81e-06
Core Based Statistical Area
Metro-politan (1) referent    referent    referent   
Micro-politan (2) 0.027 0.025 -0.024 - 0.078 0.020 0.029 -0.039 - 0.040 0.018 0.027 -0.037 - 0.073
Rural (3) 0.061 0.043 -0.027 - 0.149 0.089* 0.042 0.004 - 0.175 0.059 0.042 -0.026 - 0.145
Gini Coefficient 0.251 0.530 -0.826 - 1.328 0.670 0.572 -0.491 - 1.831 -0.300 0.465 -1.245 - 0.646
Percent Republican -0.0000 0.0017 -0.0035 - 0.0034 0.0016 0.0027 -0.0039 - 0.0072 0.0033 0.0021 -0.0010 - 0.0075
Per Capita MDs (GPs and FM) -2.053* 0.603 -3.278 -
-0.828
-1.449* 0.650 -2.770 –
-0.128
-1.157 0.702 -2.584 - 0.269
LHD Per Capita 2MCH Expenditures -0.0011 0.0025 -0.0062 - 0.0040 -0.0010 0.0030 -0.0070 - 0.0051 0.0042 0.0022 -0.0002 - 0.0086
LHD Per Capita WIC Expenditures -0.0019 0.0067 -0.0156 - 0.0118 -0.0043 0.0074 -0.0193 - 0.0106 -0.0088 0.0058 -0.0207 - 0.0030
Constant -0.0750 0.3464 -0.7789 0.6290 -0.4806 0.4286 -1.3517 - 0.3904 0.0392 0.3394 -0.6506 - 0.7290
  1. *P < .05 was used to establish statistical significance and is indicated with an asterisk(*)