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Table 5 Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for case-control studies

From: The effects of vigorous intensity exercise in the third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Selection Comparability Exposure
Is the case definition adequate? Representativeness of the cases Selection of controls Definition of controls Study controls for relevant primary confounder Study controls for other secondary confounders Assessment of exposure Same method of ascertainment for cases and controls Non-response rate Total
Kuhrt, et al. (2018) [43] 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 3
Zeanah, et al., (1993) [44] 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2