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Table 4 Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies

From: The effects of vigorous intensity exercise in the third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Selection Comparability Outcome
Representativeness of the exposed cohort Selection of the non-exposed cohort Ascertainment of exposure Demonstration that outcome of interest was not present at start Study controls for relevant primary confounder Study controls for other secondary confounders Assessment of outcome Was follow up long enough for outcomes to occur Adequacy of follow up of cohorts Total
Bell, et al. (1995) [35] 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 4
Collings, et al., (1983) [36] 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 6
Magann, et al. (2002) [37] 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Hegaard, et al. (2010) [38] 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 7
Sternfeld, et al. (1995) [39] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Rose, et al. (1991) [40] 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Hall, et al., (1987) [41] 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 7
McCowan, et al. (2010) [42] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9