Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of randomized controlled trials included in the systematic review and meta-analysis (n = 5)

From: The effects of vigorous intensity exercise in the third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Subjects (n)   Intervention Control  
Author, year, country Total Int Con Randomization GA (weeks) Mode Trimester Frequency (times/week) Duration (min) Intensity Intensity MA outcomes reported
Ruchat, et al., 2012, Canadaa [29] 118 26 Low intensity group, n = 23, historical standard care, n = 45 16–20 Partially supervised walking sessions 3rd 3–4 (1x supervised, 3–4 unsupervised) 25–40 70% HRR 30% HRR BW, GA at delivery, GWG, SGA
Bisson, et al., 2015, Canada [31] 50 25 25 < 14 Supervised aerobic and resistance training 3rd 3 60 70% MHR Standard care BW, GA at delivery, GWG, SGA
Cavalcante, et al., 2009, Brazil [32] 71 34 37 16–20 Supervised indoor water aerobics 3rd 3 50 70% MHR No exercise BW, GWG, prematurity, SGA
Hopkins, et al., 2010, New Zealand [33] 84 47 37 19 Fortnightly supervised home-based cycle ergometer 3rd Maximum 5 40 65% VO2max Standard care BW, GA at delivery, SGA
Wang, et al., 2017, China [34] 300 150 150 10 Supervised cycle ergometer 3rd 3 30 3–5 30 s intervals at 75–85% MHR Standard care BW, GA at delivery, GWG, prematurity, SGA
  1. MA Meta-analysis, HRR Heart rate reserve, MHR Maximum heart rate, BW Birth weight, GA Gestational age, GWG Gestational weight gain; prematurity, SGA Small for gestational age
  2. aData also published in Ruchat, et al. [30]