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Table 4 Male ANC attendance and maternal-infant health outcomes among married womena

From: Male partner antenatal clinic attendance is associated with increased uptake of maternal health services and infant BCG immunization: a national survey in Kenya

   Unweighted N (Weighted %) or Weighted Median (IQR)     
Partner attended ANC     
Married womenf Total nf (n = 2141) No (n = 1335) Yes (n = 806) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)b p-value
ANC visits 2141       
  ≥ 4 ANC visits   556 (40) 468 (57) 1·98 (1·59–2·48) < 0·001 1·67 (1·36–2·05) < 0·001
  < 4 ANC visits   731 (60) 306 (43)     
 Not recorded   48 32     
Skilled delivery 2141       
 Yes   976 (68) 700 (85) 2·62 (1·97–3·50) < 0·001 2·00 (1·51–2·64) < 0·001
 No   359 (32) 106 (15)     
 Not recorded   0 0     
6-week Exclusive breastfeeding among women attending week 6 visitc 1278       
 Yes   718 (90) 453 (95) 1·98 (1·07–3·69) 0·031 1·70 (1·00–2·91) 0·051
 No   76 (10) 31 (5)     
 Not recorded   0 0     
6-month Exclusive breastfeeding among women attending month 9 visitd 863       
 Yes   390 (70) 242 (74) 1·18 (0·80–1·75) 0·397 1·08 (0·75–1·54) 0·680
 No   151 (30) 80 (26)     
 Not recorded   0 0     
HIV+ married women n = 158       
ARVs for PMTCT (self-report) 158       
 Yes   49 (72) 33 (95) 7·05 (1·51–32·84) 0·013 6·16 (1·26–30·41) 0·026
 No   11 (28) 3 (5)     
 Not recorded   46 16     
ARVs for PMTCT (verified in MCH book) 158       
 Yes   33 (61) 19 (92) 7·02 (1·41–34·89) 0·018 5·50 (0·99–30.40) 0·051
 No   11 (39) 3 (8)     
 Not recorded   62 30     
All Infants Total n n = 1335 n = 806 OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)a p-value
Infant BCGe immunization 2141       
 Yes   1317 (98) 803 (100) 4·45 (1·23–16·09) 0·023 3·59 (1·00–12·88) 0·050
 No   18 (2) 3 (0)     
 Not recorded   0 0     
HIV-exposed infants Total n       
Infant received ARVs for PMTCT 158       
 Yes   99 (98) 48 (95) 0·34 (0·05–2·33) 0·270 0·30 (0·04–2·18) 0·225
 No   4 (2) 3 (5)     
 Not recorded   3 1     
Infant had a HIV PCR test 158       
 Yes   51 (43) 26 (53) 1·53 (0·69–3·39) 0·292 1·59 (0·73–3·47) 0·241
 No   29 (57) 16 (47)     
 Not recorded   26 10     
  1. aAll estimates account for sampling design and clinic-level clustering
  2. bMultivariable model adjusting for maternal age and maternal education
  3. cMeasured among women attending week-6 postpartum visit, and adjusted for maternal HIV status
  4. dMeasured among women attending month-9 postpartum visit
  5. eBacille Calmette Guerin
  6. fMarried women without partner attendance data were excluded from the analysis