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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with pregnancy-related low back pain (LBP) and/or pelvic girdle pain (PGP)

From: Prevalence and severity of low back- and pelvic girdle pain in pregnant Nepalese women

Variables Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) P-value
Age, years, n (%)
 ≤ 21 0.54
 22–24 1.3 (0.86–1.85)
 25–27 1.3 (0.84–1.90)
 ≥ 28 1.3 (0.87–1.96)
Body mass index, n (%)
 < 20 0.01
 20–24 0.7 (0.44–1.21)
 25–30 1.1 (0.66–1.83)
 > 30 1.5 (0.78–2.94)
Husbands education, years, n (%)
 No education 0.003
 Primary- secondary (5–10) 1.1 (0.53–2.16)
 Higher secondary and above (≥ 11) 1.7 (0.84–3.47)
POP-SS, n (%)
 0–2 (no symptoms of POP) <  0.001
 ≥ 3 (symptoms of POP) 6.6 (4.93–8.95)
  1. Adjusted for age in the multivariate analysis
  2. POP-SS Pelvic organ prolapse symptom score, ≥ 3 (symptoms of POP); 75th percentile