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Table 1 Characteristics of pregnant women included in the study (n = 1284)

From: Prevalence and severity of low back- and pelvic girdle pain in pregnant Nepalese women

Variables Value
Age, years, mean (SD) 25 (4)
Gestational week, mean (SD)a 24 (10)
Number of pregnancies, median (iqr) 2 (1–2)
Parity, n (%)
 0 751 (58)
 1 461 (36)
 ≥ 2 72 (6)
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD)b 25 (4)
Marital status, n (%)
 Living with husband 1161 (90)
 Husband works away from home 121 (10)
 Divorce 2 (0)
Husband residing abroad, n (%) 85 (7)
Type of family, n (%)
 Nuclear (husband and children) 593 (46)
 Joint (parents-in-law, husband, and children) 645 (50)
 Extended (grandparents, parents-in-law, husband, and children) 46 (4)
Number of family members, mean (SD) 5 (3)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Brahmin 244 (19)
 Chhetri 231 (18)
 Newar 283 (22)
 Tamang 267 (21)
 Magar 54 (4)
 Dalit 74 (6)
 Others 131 (10)
Participant’s education, years, n (%)
 No education 113 (9)
 Primary (≤ 5) 148 (11)
 Lower secondary (6–8) 174 (13)
 Secondary (9–10) 303 (24)
 Higher secondary (11–12) 341 (27)
 Bachelor and above (≥ 13) 205 (16)
Husbands education, years, n (%)
 No education 60 (5)
 Primary (≤ 5) 131 (10)
 Lower secondary (6–8) 195 (15)
 Secondary (9–10) 330 (26)
 Higher secondary (11–12) 338 (26)
 Bachelor and above (≥ 13) 230 (18)
Women with monthly income, USD, n (%)
 No income 1100 (86)
 < 76 55 (4)
 76–153 72 (6)
 > 153 57 (4)
Husband with monthly income, USD, n (%)
 No income 862 (67)
 < 76 24 (2)
 76–153 150 (12)
 > 153 248 (19)
Occupation, n (%)
 Housewife 1160 (90)
 Agriculture 54 (4)
 Business (owns a shop, cattle rearing etc.) 114 (9)
 Employed (government and private) 124 (10)
 Others (labor, student) 26 (2)
Household work, n (%)
 Washing, cleaning, cooking 1284 (100)
 Child care 451 (35)
 Animal care 207 (16)
 Fetching water 463 (36)
Field work, n (%) 195 (15)
Waking hours in a day, mean (SD) 15 (2)
Rest taken during work, n (%) 436 (34)
LBP and/or PGP in past 4 weeks, n (%) 432 (34)
POP-SS, median (iqr) 0 (0–3)
ICIQ-UI SF, median (iqr) 0 (0–0)
EDS-5, median (iqr) 2 (0–4)
  1. SD Standard deviation; Interquartile range (iqr; percentiles 25th – 75th), USD United States dollar, LBP Low back pain, PGP Pelvic girdle pain, POP-SS Pelvic organ prolapse symptom score, ICIQ-UI SF International consultation on incontinence questionnaire- urinary incontinence short form, EDS-5 Edinburgh depression scale 5-item version
  2. amissing number: 15
  3. bmissing number: 7