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Table 3 Unadjusted logistic regression, with antenatal only class as reference

From: Perinatal depressive symptoms among low-income South African women at risk of depression: trajectories and predictors

  Antenatal & Postnatal (n = 33)
Variable OR 95% CI p value
Baseline demographic characteristics
 Age 1.05 0.99–1.12 0.112
Education level
 Grade 0–11 ref  
 Grade 12 or more 0.69 0.32–1.46 0.327
Marital status
 Lives with partner ref   
 Doesn’t live with partner 1.03 0.48–2.19 0.947
Baseline economic measures
Employment
 Employed ref   
 Unemployed/studying 0.90 0.44–1.84 0.773
Socio-economic status
 Lower wealth ref   
 Higher wealth 0.74 0.36–1.52 0.415
Food status
 Not severely food insecure ref   
 Severely food insecure 2.50 1.21–5.15 0.013
Baseline social characteristics
 Intimate partner violence (IPV)a 2.84 1.23–6.52 0.014
 Overall social support 0.97 0.95–0.99 0.011
 Social support from family 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.001
 Social support from friends 0.98 0.93–1.04 0.498
 Social support from significant other 0.94 0.88–1.00 0.046
Baseline health characteristics
 Functioning (WHODAS) 1.03 1.02–1.06 0.002
 Functioning (FAI score) 5.74 2.82–11.70 < 0.001
 Heavy drinkingb 2.12 1.03–4.37 0.042
 HIV positive statusc 1.52 0.71–3.25 0.278
 Current diagnosis of depression (MINI)d 2.77 1.32–5.80 0.007
 Lifetime diagnosis of depression (MINI)d 2.85 1.38–5.87 0.004
 High suicide risk (MINI)d 2.58 1.19–5.61 0.017
  1. areference is no IPV; breference is no heavy drinking; creference is HIV negative status; dreference is absence of diagnosis/risk; OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval