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Table 5 Association between antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms and caesarean section or instrumental delivery

From: Impact of maternal antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms on birth outcomes and mode of delivery: a prospective cohort study in east and west coasts of Malaysia

  Final model Stratified model
aRR (95% CI) East coast
aRR (95% CI)
West coast
aRR (95% CI)
Model I
 Primipara 1.34 (1.02–1.76) 1.47 (1.01–2.15)
 Women’s BMI 1.04 (1.02–1.06) 1.03 (1.01–1.06)
 Gestational age 0.86 (0.79–0.93) 0.79 (0.71–0.87)
 Complications during delivery 3.29 (2.09–5.20) 6.10 (3.30–11.26) 2.05 (1.03–4.08)
 Antepartum depressive symptoms 1.55 (1.06–2.26) 2.44 (1.48–4.03)
Model II
 Primipara 1.33 (1.01–1.75) 1.47 (1.01–2.15)
 Women’s BMI 1.04 (1.02–1.06) 1.03 (1.01–1.06)
 Gestational age 0.86 (0.79–0.93) 0.79 (0.71–0.87)
 Complications during delivery 3.73 (2.40–5.81) 6.10 (3.30–11.26) 2.84 (1.47–5.47)
 Antepartum anxiety symptoms