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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis showing effect of sexual violence on unintended pregnancy in Nepal 2016

From: Sexual violence as a predictor of unintended pregnancy among married young women: evidence from the 2016 Nepal demographic and health survey

Characteristics Model 1 Model 2
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Ever experienced Sexual violence
 No (Ref.) 1 1
 Yes 2.9** (1.4 - 6.3) 2.3* (1.1 - 4.8)
Ever used contraception
 No (Ref.) 1 Not in the model
 Yes 0.9 (0.6 - 1.5)  
Decision making status
 No(Ref.) 1 Not in the model
 Yes 1.4 (0.8 - 2.3)  
Ideal family size
 0-2 (Ref.) 1 1
 3+ 0.3* (0.1 - 0.8) 0.2* (0.1 - 0.7)
Place of residence
 Urban(Ref.)   1
 Rural   1.0 (0.6 - 1.6)
Ecological region
 Mountain/Hill(Ref.)   1
 Terai   1.2 (0.6 - 2.4)
Province
 Province1(Ref.)   1
 Province2   2.3 (0.8 - 6.2)
 Province3   3.2* (1.3 - 8.1)
 Province 4   1.1 (0.4 - 2.9)
 Province5   0.7 (0.3 - 1.8)
 Province 6 and 7   1.1 (0.5 - 2.3)
Wealth index
 Poor(Ref.)   1
 Middle   0.9 (0.5 - 1.6)
 Rich   0.7 (0.2 - 2.0)
Caste
 Brahmin/Chettri-Hill(Ref.)   1
 Terai caste   0.9 (0.4 - 2.5)
 Janajatis   0.5 (0.2 - 1.1)
 Dalit/Others   1.0 (0.5 - 2.1)
Women’s age group
 15-19(Ref.)   1
 20-24   0.8 (0.4- 1.4)
Women’s education
 No education(Ref.)   1
 Primary   2.2* (1.1 - 4.4)
 Some secondary   2.3* (1.0 - 5.2)
 SLC and above   2.4 (0.9 - 6.5)
Women’s working status
 No(Ref.)   1
 Yes   1.1 (0.6 - 1.9)
Media Exposure
 Not at all(Ref.)   1
 At least once a week   1.1 (0.5 - 2.3)
 Less than once a week   0.7 (0.3 - 1.4)
Husband’s education
 No education(Ref.)   1
 Primary   1.4 (0.5-4.4)
 Some secondary   1.5 (0.5 - 5.1)
 SLC and above   1.3 (0.3 - 5.1)
Husband’s working Status
 Did not work   1
 Agricultural   4.3 (0.5-36.5)
 Non-agricultural   3.7 (0.5- 28.3)
 Manual labor   3.5 (0.5 – 25.9)
Alcohol consumption by husband
 No(Ref.)   1
 Yes   1.3 (0.8 - 2.3)
  1. Ref. Reference
  2. ** p<0.01, * p<0.05