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Table 5 Correlation between labour and birth factors with traumatic birth experience among primiparous women (n = 800)

From: Predictors of traumatic birth experience among a group of Iranian primipara women: a cross sectional study

Variables n/N (%) OR (95% CI) P Variables n/N (%) OR (95% CI) P
Duration of stay in the labour room (hour) Augmentation
Less than 12 (Ref) 178/522 (34.0) 1   No (Ref) 86/264 (32.5) 1  
12 and more than 12 117/275 (42.5) 1.43 (1.06 to 1.93) 0.019 Yes 210/537 (39.1) 1.33 (0.97 to 1.81) 0.069
Permission for moving during labour Episiotomy
Yes (Ref) 131/478 (27.4) 1   No (Ref) 6/18 (33.3) 1  
No 164/321 (51.0) 2.74 (2.04 to 3.69) < 0.001 Yes 290/782 (37.0) 1.17 (0.43 to 3.17) 0.745
Free in select of childbirth position Presence of companion
Yes (Ref) 13/90 (14.4) 1   Yes (Ref) 29/162 (17.9) 1  
No 283/710 (39.8) 3.92 (2.14 to 7.20) < 0.001 No 267/638 (41.8) 3.30 (2.14 to 5.08) < 0.001
Fear of childbirth Doula support
No (Ref) 64/286 (22.3) 1   Yes (Ref) 46/207 (22.2) 1  
Yes 232/514 (45.1) 2.85 (2.05 to 3.96) < 0.001 No 250/592 (42.2) 2.57 (1.78 to 3.71) < 0.001
Use of one of the pain relief methods Baby sex
Yes (Ref) 73/333 (21.9) 1   Girl (Ref) 147/421 (34.9) 1  
No 223/467 (47.7) 3.25 (2.37 to 4.46) < 0.001 Boy 149/379 (39.3) 0.82 (0.62 to 1.10) 0.199
Childbirth place (hospital) Operative vaginal delivery
Organizational (Ref) 25/113 (22.1) 1   No (Ref) 296/798 (37.0) 1  
Teaching 247/296 (83.4) 2.82 (1.75 to 4.53) < 0.001 Yes 0/2 (0) 0.0 (0.0 to 0.0) 0.999
Private 24/296 (8.1) 0.78 (0.41 to 1.46) 0.443