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Table 5 Determinants of Low Birth Weight among study participants, Brong Ahafo Region, 2016

From: Determinants of low birth weight in neonates born in three hospitals in Brong Ahafo region, Ghana, 2016- an unmatched case-control study

Characteristics Cases
N = 120 (%)
Controls
N = 240 (%)
cOR
(95%CI)
aOR
(95%C)
Gestation at delivery
 Term delivery(37–40 weeks) 76 (63.3) 228 (95.8) 1 1
 Preterm delivery(32-36 weeks) 32 (26.4) 9 (3.8) 10.5* (4.46–24.68) 13.70* (4.64–40.45)
 Severe preterm delivery (< 32 weeks) 12 (10.3) 1 (0.4) 61.89* (6.84–560.33) 58.50* (6.66–513.87)
Educational level of mother
 Post-secondary/tertiary 16 (13.4) 43 (18.1) 1 1
 Primary/JHS 35 (29.4) 101 (42.0) 0.94 (0.47–1.88) 1.15 (0.39–3.40)
 Secondary 57 (47.1) 68 (28.2) 2.25* (1.13–4.47) 4.19* (1.45–12.07)
 No formal education 12 (10.1) 28 (11.8) 1.16 (0.47–2.81) 1.88 (0.46–7.63)
Supplementary iron intake
 Regular intake 69 (57.5) 175 (73.2) 1 1
 Irregular intake 32 (26.7) 47 (19.7) 1.73* (1.01–2.94) 2.19 (0.99–4.84)
 No intake 19 (15.8) 17 (7.1) 2.83* (1.37–5.85) 3.19* (0.99–4.84)
Who mother lived with during pregnancy
 Partner 55 (46.2) 157 (65.4) 1 1
 Extended family 41 (34.5) 63 (26.2) 1.86* (1.12–3.09) 2.43* (1.15–5.10)
 Lived alone 23 (19.3) 20 (8.4) 3.24* (1.62–6.48) 3.95* (1.33–11.74)
1st trimester hemoglobin
 11 g/dl and above 39 (33.3) 125 (52.1) 1 1
 Below 11 g/dl 78 (66.6) 115 (47.9) 2.18* (1.34–3.55) 3.14* (1.50–6.58)
Hospital admissions during pregnancy
 No 72 (60.0) 192 (79.9) 1 1
 Yes 48 (40) 48 (20.1) 2.65* (1.59–4.42) 2.08 (1.00–4.30)
  1. * p-value for the odds ratio is less than 0.05
  2. OR Odds Ratio, aOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval