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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of the maternal health characteristics of study participants, Brong Ahafo Region, 2016

From: Determinants of low birth weight in neonates born in three hospitals in Brong Ahafo region, Ghana, 2016- an unmatched case-control study

Variables Cases(N = 120)
N (%)
Controls(N = 240)
N (%)
OR 95% CI p-value
First trimester hemoglobin
 11 g/dl and above 39 (33.3) 124 (52.1) 1 ref  
 Below 11 g/dl 78 (66.6) 114 (47.9) 2.18 1.34–3.55 < 0.001
Hospital admissions in pregnancy
 No 72 (60.0) 191 (79.9) 1 ref  
 Yes 48 (40) 48 (20.1) 2.65 1.59–4.42 < 0.001
Iron supplementation intake
 Always 69 (57.5) 175 (73.2) 1 ref  
 Not regularly 32 (26.7) 47 (19.7) 1.73 1.01–2.94 0.042
 Never 19 (15.8) 17 (7.1) 2.83 1.37–5.85 < 0.001
Poor appetite
 No 49 (41.2) 122 (52.6) 1 ref  
 Yes 70 (58.8) 110 (47.4) 1.58 0.99–2.54 0.043
Poor appetite
 No 49 (41.2) 122 (52.6) 1   ref
 Yes 70 (58.8) 110 (47.4) 1.58 0.99–2.54 0.043
Intake of Herbal medications
 No 92 (76.7) 218 (90.8) 1   ref
 Yes 28 (23.3) 22 (9.2) 3.02 1.57–5.84 < 0.001