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Table 3 Obstetric characteristics of study participants, Brong Ahafo Region, 2016

From: Determinants of low birth weight in neonates born in three hospitals in Brong Ahafo region, Ghana, 2016- an unmatched case-control study

Variables Cases (N = 120)
N (%)
Controls (N = 240)
N (%)
OR 95% CI P-value
Gestation at booking
 1st trimester 68 (64.8) 161 (69.1) 1   ref
 2nd trimester 26 (24.8) 67 (28.8) 0.92 0.54–1.57 0.76
 3rd trimester 11 (10.5) 5 (2.1) 5.21 1.70–15.98 < 0.001
ANC visits
 4 and above 97 (82.2) 228 (95.8) 1   Ref
 0–3 21 (17.8) 10 (4.2) 4.94 2.12–11.12 < 0.001
Planned pregnancy
 Yes 64 (53.8) 155 (65.1) 1   ref
 No 55 (46.2) 83 (34.9) 1.6 1.00–2.53 0.038
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneous 73 (61.3) 172 (72.3) 1   Ref
 Caesarian section 46 (38.7) 66 (27.7) 1.64 1.00–2.68 0.036
Parity
 Nulliparity 44 (37.3) 62 (26.1) 2.66 1.09–6.48 0.024
 Primiparity 21 (17.80 55 (23.1) 1.43 0.56–3.65 0.45
 Multiparty(2–3) 45 (38.1) 91 (38.2) 1.85 0.78–4.41 0.16
 Grand multiparity(4+) 8 (6.8) 30 (12.6) 1   ref
Family planning method
 No 84 (70.0) 185 (77.1) 1   Ref
 Yes 36 (30.0) 55 (22.9) 1.45 0.86–2.44 0.14
Previous abortion
 No 96 (80.0) 192 (80.0) 1   ref
 Yes 24 (20.0) 48 (20.0) 1.01 0.55–1.79 0.99
Previous LBW/premature Delivery
 No 109 (90.8) 232 (96.3) 1   ref
 Yes 11 (9.2) 9 (3.7) 2.6 0.95–7.31 0.034