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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics among treatment and control TBAs

From: The impact of monetary incentives on referrals by traditional birth attendants for postnatal care in Nigeria

Characteristic Control TBAs [95% CI] Treatment TBAs [95% CI] Difference [95% CI] P-value
(n = 104) (n = 103)
Age in years 51.423 [47.597–55.249] 44.757 [41.585–47.930] 6.666 [1.721–11.611] 0.009
Female gender 0.971 [0.938–1.004] 0.942 [0.896–0.988] 0.029 [− 0.027–0.085] 0.302
No formal education 0.462 [0.364–0.559] 0.388 [0.293–0.484] 0.073 [− 0.063–0.209] 0.289
Some or completed primary education 0.115 [0.053–0.178] 0.214 [0.133–0.294] − 0.098 [− 0.199–0.003] 0.057
Some or completed secondary education 0.337 [0.244–0.429] 0.311 [0.220–0.402] 0.026 [−0.103–0.155] 0.693
Some or completed post-secondary education 0.087 [0.032–0.141] 0.087 [0.032–0.143] −0.001 [− 0.078–0.077] 0.983
Average income per pregnancy (Naira) 1790.962 [1430.692–2151.231] 2265.437 [1680.668–2850.206] −474.475 [− 1155.743–206.793] 0.171
Offers maternal or neonatal postnatal care 0.683 [0.592–0.774] 0.592 [0.496–0.689] 0.090 [−0.041–0.222] 0.178
Monthly average number of delivery clients 13.808 [−5.194–32.809] 9.553 [−0.005–19.112] 4.254 [−16.952–25.460] 0.693
Average number of maternal clients who attended PNC 0.212 [0.002–0.421] 0.175 [0.021–0.328] 0.037 [−0.222–0.295] 0.779
Average number of neonatal clients who attended PNC 0.202 [−0.009–0.412] 0.194 [0.060–0.328] 0.008 [− 0.241–0.257] 0.927
Literate in English 0.433 [0.336–0.530] 0.456 [0.358–0.554] −0.024 [− 0.160–0.113] 0.734
Literate in other language 0.260 [0.174–0.345] 0.282 [0.193–0.370] − 0.022 [− 0.144–0.100] 0.724
Membership of any association 0.846 [0.776–0.917] 0.864 [0.797–0.931] −0.018 [− 0.115–0.079] 0.716
Main income earner in household 0.250 [0.165–0.335] 0.272 [0.184–0.359] − 0.022 [− 0.143–0.099] 0.722
  1. Note - CI confidence interval, PNC postnatal care, TBA traditional birth attendant