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Table 2 Factors associated with use of supervised delivery (bivariate)

From: Factors influencing the use of supervised delivery services in Garu-Tempane District, Ghana

Variable Had supervised delivery Chi-square P-value
No N(%) Yes N(%)
Age
 15–19 13(39.4%) 20(60.6%) 0.000*
 20–24 12(18.5%) 53(81.5%)
 25–29 15(22.4%) 52(77.6%)
 30–34 5(9.8%) 46(90.2%)
 35–39 14(30.0%) 32(69.5%)
 40–44 21(70%) 9(30.0%)
 45–49 22(73%) 8(26.6%)
Educational level
 No formal education 55(33.3%) 110(66.7%) 0.287
 Primary school 16(22.9%) 54(77.1%)
 JHS/Middle school 15(32.6%) 31(67.4%)
 Secondary school 11(46.0%) 13(54.0%)
 Tertiary 5(29%) 12(71.0%)
Marital status
 Married 83(29%) 206(71%) 0.087
 Divorced 7(58%) 5(42%)
 Separated 2(33%) 4(67%)
 Co-habiting 1(100%)
 Single 9(64%) 5(36%)
Type of marriage
 Monogamous 41(24%) 129(76%) 0.072
 Polygamous 43(36%) 76(64%)
Religion
 Christianity 20(14%) 90(86%) 0.000*
 Islamic 65(46%) 76(54%)
 Traditional 17(49%) 18(51%)
Occupation
 Farming 13(13%) 90(87%) 0.067
 Hair dresser 8(31%) 18(69%)
 Housewife 40(50%) 40(50%)
 Seamstress 16(35%) 26(65%)
 Trading 10(25%) 30(75%)
 Civil/Public servant 5(28%) 13(72%)
 Student 7(78%) 22(22%)
 Others 3(75%) 1(25%)
Partner’s occupation
 Trading 27(40%) 40(60%) 0.001*
 Civil servant 6(19%) 26(81%)
 Farming 45(27%) 123(73%)
 Student 1(6%) 15(94%)
 Others 5(83%) 1(17%)
Residence
 Urban 1(8.0%) 12(82.0) 0.063
 Peri-urban 8(21.0%) 30(79.0%)
 Rural 93(34.0%) 178(66.0%)
Made at least 4 ANC visits
 Yes 80(27.49) 211(72.51) 0.000*
 No 22(70.97) 9 (29.03)  
Received advice on where to deliver at the ANC
 Yes 67(26.38%) 187(73.62%) 0.439
 No 12(32.43) 25(67.57)  
Satisfaction with ANC service received during pregnancy
 Very satisfied 9(19.15%) 38(80.85%) 0.000*
 Satisfied 20(15.63%) 108(84.38%)  
 Dissatisfied 13 (44.83%) 16 (55.17%)  
 Very dissatisfied 14(87.5%) 2(12.5%)  
Distance to health facility
 0-10 km 42(41.18) 130(59.09) 0.003*
 11 + km 60(58.82) 90(40.91)  
NHIS Registered
 Yes 50(22%) 174(78%) 0.000*
 No 52(53%) 46(47%)  
Discussed with partner where to deliver
 Yes 65(59.6%) 185(86.8%) 0.000*
 No 44(40.4%) 28(13.1%)  
Needed partner’s approval before delivering at health facility
 Yes 71(71.0%) 197(92.06%) 0.000*
 No 29(29.0)% 17(7.94%)  
Thinks her religious beliefs prohibit health facility delivery
 Yes 50 (49.02%) 39 (17.73%) 0.000*
 No 52 (50.98%) 181(82.72%)  
Mother-in-law decided place of delivery
Yes 7(6.86%) 29(13.18%) 0.094
No 95(93.14%) 191(86.82%)  
Presence of norms in community prohibiting health facility delivery
 Yes 54(52.94%) 48(21.82%) 0.000*
 No 48(47.06%) 172(78.18%)  
  1. *P < 0.05