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Table 2 Prenatal care in women with adequate, inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG)a

From: Women’s recall of health care provider counselling on gestational weight gain (GWG): a prospective, population-based study

  Gestational Weight Gain
Total Sample (N) Adequate GWG n (%) Inadequate GWG n (%) Excessive GWG n (%) p-value
Difficulty obtaining prenatal care n (%) 2909     
 Yes   56 (5.4) 34 (6.7) 64 (4.7) 0.253
 No   989 (94.6) 477 (93.3) 1289 (95.3)
Number of prenatal care visits (mean ± SD) 2849 8.2 ± 2.0 8.2 ± 2.2 8.3 ± 2.2 0.408
  ≤ 6 prenatal visits 672 234 (34.8) 128 (19.0) 310 (46.1) 0.471
  > 7 prenatal visits 2177 789 (36.2) 371 (17.0) 1017 (46.7)  
Type of prenatal care provider
 Obstetrician 1116 (38.4) 360 (32.3) 209 (18.7) 547 (49.0) 0.005*
 Family physician 1783 (61.3) 631 (35.3) 341 (19.1) 811 (45.6) 0.020*
 Midwife 272 (9.4) 123 (45.3) 36 (13.2) 113 (41.5) 0.002*
 Low Risk Maternity Clinic Doctor 1359 (46.7) 495 (36.4) 233 (17.1) 631 (46.5) 0.803
 Walk-in Clinic Doctor 268 (9.2) 87 (32.4) 49 (18.2) 132 (49.3) 0.461
 Other health care providerb 238 (8.2) 82 (34.5) 38 (15.9) 118 (49.6) 0.589
Proportion of women who felt comfortable asking for advicec 2823 1016 (99.2) 495 (99.0) 1312 (98.7) 0.498
Proportion of women who received satisfactory answer to their questionsc 2671 971 (97.8) 470 (97.3) 1230 (96.9) 0.400
Domains of prenatal advice women recalled receiving advicec
 Nutrition 2018 721 (69.0) 357 (69.9) 940 (69.5) 0.935
 Vitamins/mineral supplements 2495 920 (88.0) 435 (85.1) 1140 (84.3) *0.029
 Alcohol consumption 1417 522 (50.0) 234 (45.8) 661 (48.9) 0.302
 Exercise and active living 1834 662 (63.3) 17.2 (61.6) 857 (63.3) 0.770
 Appropriate weight gain 1930 681 (65.2) 337 (65.9) 912 (67.4) 0.505
 Working during pregnancy 1430 516 (49.4) 234 (45.8) 680 (50.3) 0.224
 Non−/prescription drugs 1777 647 (61.9) 318 (62.2) 812 (60.0) 0.539
 Smoking (including second hand smoking) 1206 437 (41.8) 203 (39.7) 566 (41.8) 0.682
  1. a Gestational weight gain (GWG) was classified based on Institute of Medicine 2009 recommendations
  2. b Other health care providers refer to one or more of the following: high risk obstetrics or maternal-fetal medicine specialist, endocrinologist, dietitian, chiropractor, massage therapist, emergency medicine specialist, sonographer, alternative medicine specialist etc.
  3. c N represents the number of women who answered ‘yes’ to receiving advice in the specific domain of prenatal counselling
  4. *p-value < 0.05 significant