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Table 4 Comparison of outcome parameters of difficult fetal delivery regarding the technique

From: Maternal and neonatal outcome of reverse breech extraction of an impacted fetal head during caesarean section in advanced stage of labour: a retrospective cohort study

  outcome parameters mean ± SD / n (%) group 2a: head pushing (n = 82) group 2b: reverse breech (n = 55) p-value
obstetrical operation time (in min) 44.8 ± 16.7 38.3 ± 18.4 0.006*
incision-delivery time (in min) 7.0 ± 3.2 6.7 ± 2.5 0.979
uterotomy-delivery time (in min) 2.7 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.5 0.085
additional instrumental delivery 7 (8.5) 0 0.041
maternal operative blood loss (in ml) 712.2 ± 375.0 562.7 ± 195.1 0.009*
delta haemoglobin pre−/postpartum (in g/l) 26.8 ± 12.9 24.2 ± 10.9 0.257
extensions of the uterine incision 29 (35.4) 5 (9.1) < 0.001*
T-incisions 5 (6.1) 2 (3.6) 0.702
neonatal umbilical arterial pH < 7.15 8 (9.8) 4 (7.3) 0.768
Apgar score at five minutes < 7 3 (3.7) 0 0.274
transmissions to the neonatology unit 2 (2.4) 1 (1.8) 1.0
death 1 (1.2) 0 1.0
  1. SD standard deviation, n (%) number (per cent), BMI body mass index, *significant statistical difference between the groups (p < 0.01)