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Table 5 Factors associated with agreement between self-reports and direct observation of receipt of iron supplementation among ANC clients from 9 countries, 2007–2016

From: Validity of self-reported receipt of iron supplements during pregnancy: implications for coverage measurement

  Crude risk ratio 95% CI Adjusted risk ratio 95% CI
Client age (years)
 < 25 Reference   Reference  
 25–34 0.99 0.97–1.00 0.98 0.97–1.00
 ≥35 0.97 0.95–1.00 0.96 0.93–0.98
Client highest level of school attended
 None Reference   Reference  
 Primary 1.01 0.98–1.02 1.00 0.99–1.02
 Secondary or higher 0.95 0.93–0.97 0.97 0.95–0.99
Primigravida 0.97 0.96–0.99   
First visit to this facility for this pregnancy 1.06 1.05–1.08 1.07 1.06–1.08
Facility nearest home 1.05 1.03–1.07   
Hospital 0.95 0.93–0.96   
Public facility 1.05 1.03–1.06   
Charged for services today 0.96 0.95–0.98 0.94 0.93–0.96
Male provider 1.03 1.01–1.05   
Country
 Nepal (2015) Reference   Reference  
 Haiti (2013) 1.10 1.06–1.15 1.12 1.08–1.16
 Kenya (2010) 1.18 1.14–1.22 1.20 1.16–1.24
 Malawi (2013–14) 1.24 1.20–1.29 1.22 1.18–1.26
 Namibia (2009) 1.17 1.12–1.22 1.15 1.11–1.20
 Rwanda (2007) 1.07 1.02–1.12 1.05 1.00–1.10
 Senegal (2016) 1.30 1.26–1.35 1.35 1.30–1.39
 Tanzania (2014–15) 1.18 1.15–1.22 1.16 1.13–1.20
 Uganda (2007) 1.15 1.10–1.20 1.13 1.08–1.17
  1. ANC antenatal care, CI confidence interval