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Table 2 Univariate association of maternal biological and obstetric factors and neonatal mortality, in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia, 2013

From: Predictors of neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia: a matched case control study

Variables Case(n = 114) Control(n = 114) CmOR(95%CI) P-value
number(%) number(%)
Delivery complication
 Yes 70(61.40) 34(29.82) 3.57(1.97–6.45) 0.004*
 No 44(38.0) 80(70.18) 1  
Age at first pregnancy
 < 20 46(40.35) 9(7.89) 8.40(3.32–21.23) < 0.001*
 > =20 68(59.65) 105(92.11) 1  
Parity
 I 59(51.75) 28(24.56) 4.21(2.17–8.14) < 0.001*
 II-IV 38(33.33) 79(69.30) 1  
 V+ 18(18.42) 7(6.14) 3.99(1.52–10.44) 0.004*
Gravidity
 I 51(44.74) 24(21.05) 4.31(2.14–8.65) < 0.001*
 II-IV 39(34.21) 81(71.05) 1  
 V+ 24(21.05) 9(7.89) 4.10(1.77–9.47) 0.001*
Birth interval with previous birth
 < 24 months 50(84.75) 45(38.46) 2.66(1.04–6.81) 0.033*
 > =24 month 9(15.25) 44(49.44) 1  
Previous history of still birth
 Yes 16(14.04) 6(5.26) 3.00(1.09–8.24) 0.025*
 No 98(85.96) 108(94.74) 1  
Previous history of abortion
 Yes 1(0.88) 2(1.75) 0.50(0.05–5.51) 0.571
 No 113(99.12) 112(98.25) 1  
Previous history of NM
 Yes 13(11.40) 5(4.39) 3.00(0.97–9.29) 0.0578
 No 101(88.6) 109(95.61) 1  
ANC visit
 Yes 47(41.23) 84(73.68) 0.30(0.17–0.52) < 0.001*
 No 67(58.77) 30(26.32) 1  
TT dose received
 < 2 9(7.89) 5(4.39) 3.00(0.60–14.60) 0.178
 2 to5 105(92.11) 109(95.61) 1  
Pregnancy complication
 Yes 56(49.12) 26(22.81) 3.00(1.67–5.38) < 0.001*
 No 58(50.88) 88(77.19) 1  
  1. *Variables statistically significant at P value < 0.05, ANC: antenatal care, TT: tetanus toxoid, NM: neonatal mortality