Skip to main content

Table 1 Health service utilization for delivery at different levels of independent variables

From: Women who have not utilized health Service for Delivery in Nigeria: who are they and where do they live?

Variable Utilized healthcare service for delivery
Yes No Total p-value
N (%) (%) N (%)  
Individual-level factors 7720 (38.2) 12,472 (61.8) 20,192 (100.0)  
Age
 15–24 1676 (32.4) 3504 (67.6) 5180 (100.0)  
 25–34 3848 (40.7) 5616 (59.3) 9464 (100.0)  
 35+ 2196 (39.6) 3352 (60.40 5548 (100.0) < 0.001
Education
 No education 1171 (12.8) 8000 (87.2) 9171 (100.0)  
 Primary 1713 (41.7) 2400 (58.3) 4113 (100.0)  
 Secondary/higher 4836 (70.0) 2072 (30.0) 6908 (100.0) < 0.001
Household wealth index
 Poor 642 (9.5) 6089 (90.5) 6731 (100.0)  
 Middle 2327 (34.6) 4405 (65.4) 6732 (100.0)  
 Rich 4751 (70.6) 1978 (29.4) 6729 (100.0) < 0.001
Occupation
 Not working 1848 (29.3) 4461 (70.7) 6309 (100.0)  
 Working 5872 (42.3) 8011 (57.7) 13,883 (100.0) < 0.001
Marital status
 Never married 247 (45.9) 291 (54.1) 538 (100.0)  
 Ever married 7473 (38.0) 12,181 (62.0) 19,654 (100.0) < 0.001
Mass media exposure
 Never exposed 1160 (16.9) 5696 (83.1) 6856 (100.0)  
 Exposed 6560 (49.2) 6776 (50.8) 13,336 (100.0) < 0.001
Antenatal care attendance
 Never attended 606 (8.4) 6596 (91.6) 7202 (100.0)  
  < 4 visits 697 (28.1) 1786 (71.9) 2483 (100.0)  
 4 or more visits 6417 (61.1) 4090 (38.9) 10,507 (100.0) < 0.001
Community-level factors
 Residence
  Urban 4420 (65.1) 2370 (34.9) 6790 (100.0)  
  Rural 3300 (24.6) 10,102 (75.4) 13,402 (100.0) < 0.001
 Getting to health facility
  Not a problem 6293 (45.7) 7491 (54.3) 13,784 (100.0)  
  A problem 1427 (22.3) 4981 (77.7) 6408 (100.0) < 0.001
Ethnicity diversity index    2.50 (2.81)  
 Socioeconomic disadvantage
  Tertile 1 (least disadvantaged) 4603 (68.3) 2139 (31.7) 6742 (100.0)  
  Tertile 2 2663 (39.5) 4078 (60.5) 6741 (100.0)  
  Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged) 454 (6.8) 6255 (93.2) 6709 (100.0) < 0.001
State-level factors
 Socioeconomic disadvantage
  Tertile 1 (least disadvantaged) 4550 (64.4) 2520 (35.6) 7070 (100.0)  
  Tertile 2 2441 (33.9) 4766 (66.1) 7207 (100.0)  
  Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged) 729 (12.3) 5186 (87.7) 5915 (100.0) < 0.001