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Table 3 Themes generated by women, consultant midwives and the metasynthesis

From: Establishing a valid construct of fear of childbirth: findings from in-depth interviews with women and midwives

Final 10 elements Themes generated by women in the study Themes generated by consultant midwives Themes generated by the Metasynthesis
 1. Fear of not knowing and not being able to plan for the unpredictable Fear of not knowing and not being able to plan for the unpredictable Fear of the birthing process being uncertain and unpredictable The unpredictability of childbirth
2. Fear of harm or stress to the baby Fear of harm or stress to the baby Fear for potential harm or death of the baby Potential for injury or harm Health and safety of the baby
3. Fear of inability to cope with pain Fear of inability to cope with pain Fear of intensity of pain Fear of pain
 4. Fear of harm to self in labour and postnatally Fear of harm to self in labour and post-natally Fear of harm to self Potential for injury or harm Personal health and safety
 5. Fear of being ‘done to’ Fear of being ‘done to’ Fear of procedures being done to them Potential for injury or harm Complications and interventions
 6. Fear of not having a voice in decision making Fear of not being heard Fear of not being listened to and not having things explained Loss of influence over decision making and choices Interactions with care providers
 7. Fear of being abandoned/alone Fear of being abandoned/alone Fear of being abandoned/alone Interactions with care providers
 8. Body’s ability to give birth Body’s ability to give birth   Fear of capacity to give birth Physical capacity to give birth
 9. Fear of internal loss of control   Control Fear of internal loss of control Losing control
 10. Terrified of birth and not knowing why   Terrified of birth and not knowing why Generic fear of unknown