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Table 3 Techniques that participants would use as first, second, and third line treatment for surgical management of severe PPH in a haemodynamically stable patient

From: Surgical treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: national survey of French residents of obstetrics and gynecology

  First line Third line Third line
Uterine compression techniques 50 (32; 25–40) 18 (12; 7–18) 17 (11; 6–17)
Distal ligation (of the uterine arteries or Tsirulnikov’s triple ligation or stepwise uterine devascularisation) 85 (54.5; 46–62) 56 (36; 28–44) 8 (5; 2–10)
Bilateral ligation of the internal iliac arteries 21 (13.5; 8–20) 66 (42; 34–50) 40 (26; 19–33)
Emergency hysterectomy 0 16 (10; 6–16) 77 (49; 41–57)
None, a hysterectomy was 12already done   0 16 (10; 6–16)
  1. The data are reported in (%; 95% confidence intervals)