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Table 1 Demographic, household, and health characteristics of sample women

From: Antenatal care as a means to increase participation in the continuum of maternal and child healthcare: an analysis of the poorest regions of four Mesoamérican countries

  Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua All
N 1445 846 1791 762 4844
Education
 None 28.3% 5.7% 14.5% 10.1% 13.3%
 Primary/literacy course 52.6% 70.8% 52.9% 46.1% 52.9%
 Post-primary 19.1% 23.5% 32.6% 43.8% 33.8%
Age category
  < 20 years 18.4% 17.6% 15.4% 18.6% 16.7%
 20 to 34 years 64.3% 67.6% 70.2% 69.1% 69.2%
  > =35 years 17.3% 14.8% 14.4% 12.3% 14.1%
Occupation
 Employed & working 4.4% 6.7% 4.4% 11.5% 6.6%
 Homemaker 92.9% 90.7% 94.1% 85.7% 91.4%
 Other 2.8% 2.6% 1.5% 2.9% 2.1%
 Married/union 86.8% 80.9% 92.8% 76.6% 86.7%
 Average parity 3.06 2.65 3.10 2.43 2.87
Child’s age
  < 6 months 28.0% 27.6% 26.5% 25.6% 26.5%
 6 to 12 months 27.9% 26.5% 28.6% 29.7% 28.6%
 13 to 24 months 44.1% 45.8% 44.9% 44.7% 44.9%
Female child 50.6% 50.9% 49.6% 50.8% 50.1%
Previous obstetric complication not resulting in live birth 6.7% 9.9% 6.2% 8.7% 7.3%
Wanted pregnancy 84.7% 73.1% 79.4% 68.2% 76.0%
Any media exposure (in the last week) 67.5% 80.2% 66.3% 87.9% 73.7%
Indigenous (language spoken in household) 73.2% 0.1% 70.1% 16.2% 48.5%
Contact with CHW (in last month) 6.8% 11.3% 19.0% 2.0% 12.7%
Has insurance 11.4% 1.0% 81.4% 4.2% 47.1%
Urban 16.8% 11.8% 36.1% 33.7% 31.6%
Travel time
  < 15 min. 31.5% 32.1% 34.3% 23.2% 30.9%
 15 to 30 min. 27.4% 26.1% 26.1% 26.8% 26.4%
 30 to 60 min. 21.4% 19.8% 23.8% 20.9% 22.4%
 60+ min. 19.7% 22.0% 15.7% 29.1% 20.3%
Average assets score 0.24 0.25 0.22 0.23 0.23