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Table 1 Socio-demographic Characteristics of adolescents age 15–19 years during the earliest and latest years of DHS data in the five east African countries

From: Pregnancy and early motherhood among adolescents in five East African countries: a multi-level analysis of risk and protective factors

Key characteristics Kenya Uganda Tanzania Malawi Zambia
1989 (N = 1496) 2014 (N = 5820) 1989 (N = 1199) 2016 (N = 4263) 1991 (N = 2183) 2015 (N = 2904) 1992 (N = 1105) 2015 (N = 5263) 1992 (N = 1984) 2014 (N = 3675)
Mean years of schooling (mean, SD) 7.1 (2.4) 8.1 (2.6) 4.2 (2.9) 6.6 (2.7) 5.5 (2.7) 7.0 (2.7) 3.4 (3.0) 6.5 (2.6) 5.4 (2.6) 7.7 (2.5)
Secondary education (%) 21.4 47.8 12 33.5 6.4 35.1 4.5 27.2 24.2 59.6
Urban residence (%) 18.4 31.9 13.5 24.3 27.3 37.3 11.7 17.5 51.5 48.0
Richest households (%) 19.2 23.2 29.7 23.4 27.9
Exposure to mediaa (%) 71.8 74.9 38.6 62.4 55.5 56.7 61.7 54.1 67.7 69.21
Ever married (%) 18.5 14.2 40.8 22.8 28.3 25.3 41.2 26.8 29.7 17.0
Sexually active (%) 46.1 37.2 62.3 45.7 51.4 52.2 51.9 61.0 49.1
Median age at first sex (median age) 15.0 15.2 14.7 15.5 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.0 15.0
Median age at 1st marriage (median age) 16.1 16.1 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.1 16.0 16.3 16 16.0
Knowledge of contraception (%) 80 96.4 73.2 96.7 51.4 94.2 75.5 93.6 76.8 95.3
Current use of contraception (%) 4.0 27.1 2 10.1 6.4 19.6 11.0 29.1 2.8 10.6
  1. aExposure to media was measured differently in the oldest surveys using questions on listening to radio every week / every day or watching TV every week/every day