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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the intention-to-treat population

From: Conditional cash transfers to prevent mother-to-child transmission in low facility-delivery settings: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Nigeria

Characteristic Standard care Conditional cash transfer intervention P-value
N Median or % N Median or %
Recruitment site 254   263   
 Ikot Ekpene 66 26.0% 98 37.3% 0.014
 Oron 121 47.6% 114 43.3%  
 Eket 67 26.4% 51 19.4%  
Agea 254 27.0 195 28.0 0.220
Month of pregnancy at ANC registrationa 254 6.0 233 6.0 0.072
Marital statusb    195   
 Married    166 85.1%  
 Single    24 12.3%  
 Widowed    5 2.6%  
Number of children currently aliveb    195   
 0    50 25.6%  
 1    64 32.8%  
 2    42 21.5%  
 3+    39 20.0%  
Place of delivery for last child bornb,c    158   
 Public hospital/clinic    68 43.0%  
 Church    46 29.1%  
 Traditional birthing center    25 15.8%  
 Home    13 8.2%  
 Private hospital/clinic    6 3.8%  
Newly diagnosed with HIVb    195   
 Yes    68 34.9%  
 No    127 65.1%  
  1. aAge and month of pregnancy at ANC registration were not found for some women randomised to the intervention but who refused to enrol. Differences by study arm were tested using the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test
  2. bAdditional information on women enroled in the intervention were obtained from intervention administrators collected through surveys administered at enrolment and during follow-up phone calls with participants
  3. cFurther restricted to participants who have at least one child