Skip to main content

Table 1 Differences in the baseline characteristics between adolescent mothers (n = 76) and adult mothers (n = 382) assessed post-birth

From: A longitudinal cohort study of rural adolescent vs adult South African mothers and their children from birth to 24 months

  Adolescent Mothers n = 76 M (SD)/ % (n) Adult Mothers n = 382 M (SD)/ % (n) All Mothers n = 458 M (SD)/ % (n)
Structural Factors
 Mean age (SD) 16.18 (0.91) 26.49 (6.59) 24.78 (7.15) ***
 Mean highest education level (SD) 8.21 (1.48) 8.68 (2.54) 8.60 (2.40)
 Live with father or family 8% (6) 38% (146) 33% (152) ***
 Monthly household income> 2000 Rand 44% (30/68) 49% (179/369) 46% (209/437)
 Water tank on site 25% (19) 15% (56) 16% (75) *
 Electricity 15% (11) 16% (60) 16% (71)
 Number of people in household 6.08 (2.75) 5.86 (3.00) 5.89 (2.96)
Health
 Primipara 96% (73) 29% (111) 40% (184) ***
  ≥ Four antenatal appointments 41% (12/29) 48% (125/261) 47% (137/290)
 HIV Seropositive 6% 33% (127) 29% (131) ***
 EPDS > 13 11% (8) 17% (65) 16% (73)
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
 12 months prior to pregnancy 11% (8) 11% (43) 11% (51)
 During pregnancy 22% (17) 22% (83) 22% (100)
  1. Note. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001