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Table 1 Mean cost of medicines, tests, and medical supplies/disposables utilized per case, mean cost ratios (CV/VB) and mean length of hospital stay

From: Factors contributing to rapidly increasing rates of cesarean section in Armenia: a partially mixed concurrent quantitative-qualitative equal status study

Vaginal Birth C-Section
Resource items Mean cost (VB)
AMD (USD*)
Range (between two hospitals)
AMD (USD)
Mean cost (CS)
AMD (USD)
Range (between two hospitals)
AMD (USD)
Ratios of mean costs (CV/VB)a
Medicines 1559 (4.19) 465 (1.25) - 2653 (7.13) 6903 (18.56) 6483 (17.43) - 7323 (19.69) 4.42
Tests 9524 (25.61) 9030 (24.28) - 10,020 (26.94) 20,037(53.88) 18,425 (49.55) - 21,650 (58.22) 2.10
Medical supplies/disposables 15,654 (42.10) 12,875 (34.62)-18,430 (49.56) 43,840 (117.90) 39,550 (106.36) - 48,130 (129.44) 2.80
Mean length of hospital stay (day) 4.2   6.4   1.52
  1. *$1 = AMD 371.82 (as of 03/05/2011, date of getting information on the wholesale current prices of medicines and medical supplies/disposables from the Pharm-Info automated electronic system of sales for drugstores)
  2. aThe government’s reimbursement ratio is 1.64