Skip to main content

Table 6 Characteristics of Included studies

From: Prevalence and risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus in Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year Country Association Diagnostic criteria Study Setting Screening Methods Screening dosage GDM + Sample size Prevalence
Alfadhli et al., 2015 Saudi Arabia IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 292 573 51.0
Ali et al., 2016 Yemen ADA ADA 2002 Hospital 1 75 g 16 311 5.1
Al-Kuwari et al., 2011 Qatar ADA ADA 2004 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 61 597 10.2
Al-Rowaily et al., 2010 Saudi Arabia WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 79 633 12.5
Al-Rubeaan e al., 2014 Saudi Arabia ADA ADA 2011 Community 1 75 g 201 529 38.0
Al-Shawaf et al., 1988 Saudi Arabia WHO WHO 1985 Hospital 2 75 g 41 1102 3.7
Aziz et al., 2017 India CC CC Hospital 1 100 g 56 700 8.0
Bener et al., 2011 Qatar WHO WHO 2006 Hospital 1 75 g 262 1608 16.3
Bhatt et al., 2015 India DIPSI DIPSI Community 1 75 g 94 989 9.5
Cheuk et al., 2016 Hong Kong WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 169 520 32.5
Chodick et al., 2010 Israel CC CC Community 1 100 g 11,270 185,416 6.1
Dahiya et al., 2014 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 35 500 7.0
Das et al., 2004 India NDDG NDDG Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 12 300 4.0
De Seymour et al., 2016 Singapore WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1   160 909 17.6
Deerochanawong et al., 1996 Thailand WHO WHO 1985 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 111 709 15.7
Garshasbi et al., 2008 Iran CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 124 1804 6.9
Gracelyn and Saranya2016 India ADA ADA 2014 Hospital 1 75 g 59 500 11.8
Haideagh et al., 2005 Iran CC CC Community 2 50 g, 100 g 62 800 7.8
Hariharan et al., 2017 India WHO WHO 2013 Hospital 1 75 g 16 135 11.9
Herath et al., 2016 Sri lanka IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 105 452 23.2
Hirst et al., 2012 Vietnam IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 550 2702 20.4
Hossain et al., 2017 Pakistan DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 78 1030 7.6
Hossein-Nezhad et al.,2007 Iran CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 114 2416 4.7
Iqbal et al., 2007 Pakistan ADA ADA 2004 Hospital 2 75 g, 100 g 49 612 8.0
Jadhav and Wankhede 2017 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 80 1000 8.0
Jang et al., 1998 South Korea NDDG NDDG Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 173 8863 2.0
Jesmin et al., 2014 Bangladesh WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 112 1149 9.7
Kalra et al., 2013 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 33 500 6.6
Kalyani et al., 2014 India WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 25 300 8.3
Khwaja et al., 1989 Saudi Arabia WHO WHO 1985 Hospital 1 50 g 50 455 11.0
Koo et al., 2016 South Korea ICD-10 ICD-10 Community    98,403 1,306,281 7.5
Krishnaveni et al., 2007 India CC CC Hospital 1 100 g 21 524 4.0
Leng et al., 2016 China IADPSG IADPSG Community 2 50 g, 75 g 840 11,450 7.3
Li et al., 2014 China ADA ADA 2012 Hospital 1 75 g 69 539 12.8
Li et al., 2016 China IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 48 327 14.7
Lin et al., 2015 Taiwan ADA ADA undefined Hospital 1 75 g or 100 g 51 132 38.6
Maegawa et al., 2003 Japan JDS JDS Hospital 2 50 g or 75 g 22 749 2.9
Makwana et al., 2017 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 38 476 8.0
Mizuno et al., 2016 Japan JDS JDS Hospital 1 75 g 204 8874 2.3
Mohammadzadeh et al., 2015 Iran CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 62 1276 4.9
Moradi et al., 2015 Iran WHO WHO 2006 Hospital 1 75 g 44 290 15.2
Mustafa 2015 Bangladesh WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 102 1489 6.9
Nayak et al., 2013 India IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 83 304 27.3
Nielsen et al., 2016 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 659 4053 16.3
Parhofer et al., 2013 Turkmenistan ADA ADA undefined Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 109 1620 6.7
Pirjani et al.,2016 Iran ADA ADA 2012 Hospital 1 75 g 78 256 30.5
Raja et al., 2014 India DIPSI DIPSI Community 1 75 g 24 306 7.8
Rajput et al., 2013 India ADA ADA 2004 Hospital 1 75 g 43 607 7.1
Rajput et al., 2014 India WHO WHO 1999 Community 1 75 g 127 913 13.9
Rao et al., 2015 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 5 200 2.5
Saisho et al., 2013 Japan JDS JDS Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 15 62 24.2
Sayeed et al., 2005 Bangladesh WHO WHO 1999 Community 1 75 g 12 147 8.2
Sella et al., 2011 Israel CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 11,264 185,315 6.1
Sella et al., 2013 Israel ADA ADA 2003 Community 1 100 g 14,288 367,247 3.9
Shahbazian et al.,2016 Iran IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 224 750 29.9
Shaman et al., 2015 Saudi Arabia IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 175 850 20.6
Shamsuddin et al., 2001 Malaysia WHO WHO 1985 Hospital 1 75 g 191 768 24.9
Shang et al., 2014 China IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 612 3083 19.9
Sharma et al., 2016 India IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 74 417 17.7
Shimodaira et al., 2016 Japan ADA ADA 2004 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 149 5424 2.7
Shrestha and Chawla 2011 Nepal CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 12 1598 0.8
Shridevi et al., 2015 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 23 200 11.5
Singh and Uma 2013 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 23 400 5.8
Siribaddana et al., 1998 Sri lanka WHO WHO 1985 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 40 721 5.5
Soheilykhak et al., 2010 Iran CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 110 1071 10.3
Song et al., 2017 China IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 1005 6886 14.6
Srichumchit et al., 2015 Thailand NDDG NDDG Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 1350 21,771 6.2
Sudasinghe et al., 2016 Sri lanka WHO WHO 1999 Community 1 75 g 194 1400 13.9
Suntorn and Panichkul 2015 Thailand IADPSG IADPSG Hospital 1 75 g 71 325 21.8
Swaroop et al., 2015 India DIPSI DIPSI Hospital 1 75 g 22 225 9.8
Tan et al., 2009 Malaysia WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 168 1368 12.3
Thapa et al., 2015 Nepal WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 14 564 2.5
Thathagari et al., 2016 India NDDG NDDG Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 42 800 5.3
Tran et al., 2013 Vietnam WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 1 75 g 674 2772 24.3
Tripathi et al., 2011 India CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 10 700 1.4
Vakili et al., 2016 Iran ADA ADA 2004 Community 1 75 g 328 1209 27.1
Wagaarachchi et al., 2001 Sri lanka WHO WHO 1980 Hospital 1 75 g 41 1004 4.1
Wahabi et al., 2017 Saudi Arabia WHO WHO 2013 Hospital 1 75 g 2354 9723 24.2
Warunpitikul and Aswakul 2014 Thailand CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 340 1363 24.9
Yang et al., 2013 South Korea CC CC Hospital 2 50 g, 100 g 269 1163 23.1
Zargar et al., 2004 India CC and WHO CC and WHO 1999 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g/100 g 75 2000 3.8
Zhang et al., 2011 China WHO WHO 1999 Hospital 2 50 g, 75 g 4764 105,473 4.5
Zhang et al., 2015 China IADPSG IADPSG Community 2 50 g, 75 g 1069 14,198 7.5
Zhu et al., 2017 China CHINA MOH CHINA MOH Hospital 1 75 g 2987 14,986 19.9