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Table 3 Screening criteria for the diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

From: Prevalence and risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus in Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Diagnostics criteria Steps OGTT No. abnormal Fasting mg/dl (mmol/l) 1 H mg/dl (mmol/l) 2 H mg/dl (mmol/l) 3H mg/dl (mmol/l)
O′ Sullivan 1964 [49] 2 100 g ≥ 2 90 (5) 165 (9.2) 145 (8.1) 125 (6.9)
NDDG 1979 [50] 2 100 g ≥ 2 105 (5.8) 190 (10.6) 165 (9.2) 145 (8.0)
CC 1982 [51] 2 100 g ≥ 2 95 (5.3) 180 (10) 155 (8.6) 140 (7.8)
EASD 2012 [52] 1 75 g ≥ 1 108 (6) 162 (9)
ACOG [53] 2 100 g ≥ 2 95 (5.30 180 (10) 155 (8.6) 140 (7.8)
ADIPS 1998 [54] 1 75 g ≥ 1 100 (5.5) 144 (8.0)
IADPSG 2010 [55] 1 75 g ≥ 2 92 (5.1) 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
DIPSI [25] 1 75 g ≥ 1 140 (7.8)
JDS [56] 1 75 g ≥ 2 126 (7) 200 (11.1)
China MOH [57] 1 75 g ≥ 1 92 (5.1) 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
ICD-10 O24.4 (58) 2 75 g ≥ 1 92 (5.1) 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
ADA 1997 [59] 1 75 g ≥ 1 126 (7) 200 (11.1)
ADA 2002 [37] 1 75 g ≥ 1 126 (7) 200 (11.1)  
ADA 2003 [38] 2 100 g ≥ 2 95 (5.3) 180 (10) 155 (8.6) 140 (7.8)
ADA 2004 [39] 2 100 g ≥ 1 95 (5.3) 180 (10) 155 (8.6) 140 (7.8)
ADA 2011 [40] 1 75 g ≥ 1 92 (5.1)
ADA 2012 [41] 1 75 g ≥ 1 92 (5.1) 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
ADA 2014 [42] 1 75 g ≥ 1 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
WHO 1980 [43] 1 75 g ≥ 1 140 (7.8) 200 (11.1)
WHO 1998 [44] 1 75 g ≥ 1 126 (7) 200 (10)
WHO 1985 [45] 1 75 g ≥ 1 140 (7.8)
WHO 1999 [44] 1 75 g ≥ 1 126 (7) 140 (7.8)
WHO 2006 [46] 1 75 g ≥ 1 126 (7) 180 (10) 200 (11.1)
WHO 2013 [47] 1 75 g ≥ 1 92 (5.1) 180 (10) 153 (8.5)
CDA 2008 [48] 1 75 g ≥ 2 95 (5.3) 190 (10.6) 160 (8.9)
  1. ACOG The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ADA American Diabetes Association, ADIPS Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society, CC Carpenter-Coustan, CDA Canadian Diabetes Association, DIPSI Diabetes in Pregnancy Study group of India, EASD European Association for the Study of Diabetes, IADPSG International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups, ICD International Classification of Diseases, JDS Japan Diabetes Society, NDDG National Diabetes Data Group, OGTT Oral Glucose tolerance Test, WHO World Health Organization, MOH Ministry of Health