Skip to main content

Table 2 Frequency of intake of different legumes and risk of SGA

From: Maternal dietary consumption of legumes, vegetables and fruit during pregnancy, does it protect against small for gestational age?

Frequency of intake Casesn (%) Controlsn (%) OR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI)
Lentils
 Never 21 (4.1) 19 (3.7) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 1–3 times per month 81 (15.6) 85 (16.4) 0.85 (0.43–1.68) 0.81 (0.38–1.71)
 Once per week 406 (78.4) 396 (76.5) 0.91 (0.49–1.70) 0.81 (0.41–1.60)
  > Once per week 10 (1.9) 18 (3.5) 0.50 (0.19–1.35) 0.41 (0.14–1.22)
Kidney beans
 Never 134 (25.9) 106 (20.5) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 1–3 times per month 145 (28.0) 141 (27.2) 0.80 (0.57–1.14) 0.84 (0.57–1.23)
  ≥ Once+ per week 239 (46.1) 271 (52.3) 0.70 (0.51–0.95) 0.67 (0.48–0.94)
Chickpeas
 Never 52 (10.0) 46 (8.9) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 1–3 times per month 129 (24.9) 140 (24.9) 0.81 (0.51–1.30) 0.79 (0.47–1.31)
  ≥ Once per week 337 (65.1) 332 (64.1) 0.89 (0.58–1.39) 0.83 (0.51–1.33)
Peas
 Never 170 (32.8) 152 (29.3) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 1–3 times per month 184 (35.5) 188 (36.3) 0.86 (0.63–1.16) 0.84 (0.61–1.18)
 Once per week 148 (28.6) 158 (30.5) 0.83 (0.60–1.14) 0.78 (0.55–1.10)
  > Once per week 16 (3.1) 20 (3.9) 0.69 (0.34–1.41) 0.59 (0.27–1.28)
Legumes, g/day in quintiles
 Q1 (≤ 16.4 g/d) 112 (21.6) 104 (20.1) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
 Q2 (16.5–23.6) 115 (22.2) 104 (20.1) 1.04 (0.72–1.54) 1.07 (0.70–1.64)
 Q3 (23.7–28.3) 115 (22.2) 103 (19.9) 1.05 (0.71–1.56) 1.16 (0.76–1.77)
 Q4 (28.4–33.0) 97 (18.7) 104 (20.1) 0.89 (0.60–1.32) 0.88 (0.58–1.36)
 Q5 (>  33.0) 79 (15.3) 103 (19.9) 0.72 (0.49–1.07) 0.68 (0.44–1.04)
P for trend 0.050 0.020
  1. a Adjusted for preeclampsia, education, smoking, gain weight per week during pregnancy, fish intake and previous preterm/low birthweight newborn