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Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratios (aOR) for behavioral risk factors of CVD among rural women

From: Prevalence of behavioral risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and associated socio-economic factors among pregnant women in a rural area in Southern Nepal

Variable Behavioral risk Factors for cardiovascular diseases (aOR, 95% CI)
Use of tobacco Use of Alcohol Insufficient Fruits and Vegetables Physical inactivity
Age (Years)
 < 20 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 20–34 2.11 (0.97–4.57) 1.15 (0.33–3.96) 1.19 (0.32–4.43) 4.84 (2.22–10.57)**
 35–45 2.31 (0.83–6.41) 1.99 (0.73–5.41) 1.41 (0.43–4.64) 0.6 (0.2–1.8)
Caste/ethnicity
 Dalit 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Adibasi/ Janajati 0.31 (0.14–0.67) 0.26 (0.10–0.64) 0.51 (0.12–2.18) 5.14 (2.29–11.53)**
 Upper caste group 0.50 (0.25–0.99)** 1.67 (0.58–4.82) 0.42 (0.14–1.24) 3.19 (1.72–5.92)**
Origin
 Hill 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Terai 1.18 (0.67–2.08) 0.43 (0.21–0.90)** 2.06 (1.07–3.9)** 0.84 (0.51–1.3)
Religion
 Hindu 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Muslim/others 1.33 (0.55–3.20) 1.01 (0.36–2.80) 2.1 (0.44–10.33) 2.94 (1.14–7.57)**
Women Education
 No education 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Primary 0.20 (0.8–0.50)** 0.15 (0.52–0.48)** 0.36 (0.18–0.74)** 3.59 (1.58–8.14)**
 Secondary 1.17 (0.40–3.38) 1.82 (0.39–8.52) 0.28 (0.18–3.65) 0.45 (0.21–0.94)**
 Higher 0.32 (0.12–0.81)** 0.59 (0.16–2.24) 0.14 (0.07–2.33) 0.72 (0.33–1.55)
Women Occupation
 Non-agriculture 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Agriculture 2.89 (1.3–6.15)** 2.02 (0.82–4.95) 0.70 (0.24–2.05) 1.4 (0.7–3.0)
Wealth Index
 Lower 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Second 2.73 (1.12–6.64)** 0.77 (0.23–2.55) 0.16 (0.04–0.68)** 0.90 (0.40–2.03)
 Middle 1.61 (0.64–4.08) 2.22 (0.51–9.68) 0.43 (0.12–1.43) 0.40 (0.16–0.95)**
 Fourth 2.13 (0.71–6.39) 1.68 (0.37–7.63) 0.13 (0.03–0.54)** 0.29 (0.14–0.74)**
 Highest 0.75 (0.29–1.94) 1.41 (0.33–6.01) 0.54 (0.18–1.61) 1.19 (0.48–2.91)
Parity (years)
 Primi 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 One 1.05 (0.53–2.08) 1.82 (0.65–5.07) 2.88 (1.16–7.13)** 0.85 (0.46–1.55)
 Two 0.75 (0.31–1.82) 1.46 (0.48–4.39) 1.86 (0.60–5.73) 0.66 (0.30–1.45)
 Three and above 1.13 (0.49–2.59) 4.80 (1.15–9.95)** 1.40 (0.46–4.28) 1.26 (0.63–2.55)
  1. **p value < 0.05 (Significant)