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Table 2 Behavioral Risk factors associated with baseline characteristics among the study subjects

From: Prevalence of behavioral risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and associated socio-economic factors among pregnant women in a rural area in Southern Nepal

Variable Total Behavioral risk Factors for cardiovascular diseases (Yes, %)
Use of tobacco Use of alcohol Insufficient fruit & Veg. physical inactivity
N (%) Yes, n (%) Yes, n (%) Yes, n (%) Yes, n (%)
426 (100) 91(21.36) 57 (13.38) 370 (86.9) 230 (53.99)
Age (years)   p = 0.006 p < 0.0001 p = 0.686 p = 0.004
 < 20 102 (23.9) 33 (32.4) 22 (21.6) 86 (84.3) 65 (63.7)
 20–34 290 (68.1) 45 (17.2) 21 (8.0) 254 (87.5) 143 (46.2)
 35–45 34 (8.0) 13 (21.0) 14 (22.6) 30 (88.2) 22 (64.7)
Caste/ethnicity   p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p = 0.044 p < 0.0001
 Dalit 71 (16.7) 31 (43.7) 30 (42.3) 68 (95.8) 17 (23.9)
 Adibasi/ Janajati 91 (21.4) 27 (29.7) 7 (7.7) 79 (86.8) 37 (40.7)
 Upper caste group 264 (62.0) 33 (12.5) 20 (7.6) 223 (84.5) 176 (66.7)
Origin   p = 0.542 p = 0.01 p = 0.235 p = 0.466
 Hill 120 (28.2) 34 (19.9) 31 (18.1) 100 (83.3) 96 (56.1)
 Terai 306 (71.8) 57 (22.4) 26 (10.2) 270 (88.2) 134 (52.5)
Religion   p = 0.05 p = 0.086 p = 0.835 p = 0.146
 Hindu 391 (91.8) 79 (20.2) 49 (12.5) 340 (87.0) 207 (52.9)
 Muslim/Buddhist 35 (8.2) 12 (34.3) 8 (22.9) 30 (85.7) 23 (65.7)
Women education   p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 p = 0.005 p < 0.0001
 No education 108 (25.4) 49 (35.3) 42 (30.2) 99 (91.6) 50 (36.0)
 Primary 149 (35.0) 23 (19.5) 3 (2.5) 136 (91.2) 76 (64.4)
 Secondary 79 (18.5) 7 (8.9) 5 (6.3) 65 (82.2) 52 (65.8)
 Higher 90 (21.1) 12 (13.3) 7 (7.8) 70 (77.7) 52 (57.8)
Women occupation   p = 0.545 p = 0.002 p = 0.971 p = 0.623
 Non-agriculture 292 (68.5) 60 (20.5) 29 (9.9) 254 (87.0) 132 (45.2)
 Agriculture 134 (31.5) 31 (23.1) 28 (20.9) 116 (86.6) 64 (47.8)
Wealth Index   p < 0.0001 p < 0.0001 P < 0.0001 p < 0.0001
 Lower 124 (29.1) 48 (38.7) 38 (30.6) 119 (93.5) 43 (34.7)
 Second 100 (23.5) 13 (13.0) 5 (5.0) 80 (83.0) 53 (53.0)
 Middle 84 (19.7) 12 (14.3) 4 (4.8) 80 (95.2) 53 (63.1)
 Fourth 61 (14.3) 6 (9.8) 4 6.6) 52 (85.2) 47 (77.0)
 Highest 57 (13.4) 12 (21.1) 6 (10.5) 39 (63.1) 34 (59.6)
Parity   p = 0.540 p = 0.021 p = 0.334 p = 0.329
 Primi 167 (39.20) 32 (19.2) 17 (10.2) 149 (89.2) 91 (54.5)
 1 112 (26.29) 29 (25.9) 19 (17.0) 98 (87.5) 63 (56.2)
 2 58 (13.62) 13 (22.4) 3 (5.2) 61 (87.9) 35 (60.3)
 3+ 89 (20.89) 17 (19.1) 18 (20.2) 82 (92.1) 41 (46.1)
  1. Note: p < 0.05 for statistical significance