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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: Obstetric and perinatal outcomes of singleton pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive technology complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study

Variables ART
(n = 125)
ART-GDM
(n = 135)
SC-GDM
(n = 152)
SC
(n = 162)
P-Value
Maternal age (yr.) (Mean ± SD) 30.28 ± 4.93 32.11 ± 4.95 31.63 ± 5.49 28.81 ± 7.43 < 0.001*
Gestational age at GDM screening (wk.) 25.6 ± 3.5 22.7 ± 6.9 24.9 ± 5.6 24.6 ± 3.1 0< 001a
Gestational age at delivery (wk.)
(Mean ± SD)
38.40 ± 1.15 37.78 ± 1.52 38.34 ± 1.47 39.05 ± 1.14 < 0.001b
Gravidity, n (%)
 1 97 (77.6) 80 (59.3) 53 (34.9) 85 (52.5) < 0.001
 ≥ 2 28 (22.4) 55 (40.7) 99 (65.1) 77 (47.5)
Parity, n (%)
 0 113 (90.4) 116 (85.9) 63 (41.4) 98 (60.5) < 0.001
 ≥ 1 12 (9.6) 19 (14.1) 89 (58.6) 64 (39.5)
Pre-gravid BMI (kg/m2) (Mean ± SD) 24.49 ± 3.95 27.38 ± 3.93 26.07 ± 4.93 24.14 ± 4.35 < 0.001c
Gestational weight gain (kg) (Mean ± SD) 15.03 ± 6.05 10.93 ± 5.09 11.57 ± 5.52 14.42 ± 6.12 < 0.001d
Previous history of PCOS, n (%) 10(8) 34 (25.2) 7 (7.3) 6(3.7) < 0.001e
Maternal age ≥ 35 years 25(20) 38(28.2) 49(32.2) 22(13.7) 0.001 f
Pre-gravid obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), n (%) 14(11.4) 33(24.6) 25(16.9) 17(10.6) 0.004g
Previous history of GDM, n (%) 1(0.8) 4 (3) 21 (13.8) 1(0.6) < 0.001h
  1. GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, SC spontaneous conception, ART assisted reproductive technology. All of P-values for quantitative variables were determined by post-hoc analysis (LSD)
  2. *ART vs. ART-GDM (P = 0.01), ART-GDM vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.5), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.03), SC-GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.06)
  3. aART vs. ART-GDM (P < 0.001). ART-GDM vs. SC -GDM (P < 0.001), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.1), SC -GDM vs. SC (P = 0.6), ART vs. SC -GDM (P = 0.2)
  4. bART vs. ART-GDM (P = 0.01), ART-GDM vs. SC –GDM = (P = 0.5), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.03), SC -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC- GDM (P = 0.06)
  5. cART vs. ART-GDM (P < 0.001) ART-GDM vs. SC- GDM (P = 0.1), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.5), SC- GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC -GDM (P = 0.01)
  6. dART vs. ART-GDM (P < 0.001), ART-GDM vs. SC- GDM (P = 0.3), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.4), SC –GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC- GDM (P < 0.001)
  7. eART vs. ART-GDM (P < 0.001). ART-GDM vs. SC -GDM (P < 0.001), ART -GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.6), SC -GDM vs. SC (P = 0.1), ART vs. SC -GDM (P = 0.2)
  8. fART vs. ART-GDM (P = 0.126), ART-GDM vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.452), ART -GDM vs. SC (P = 0.002), ART vs. SC (P = 0.152), SC-GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.022)
  9. gART vs. ART-GDM (P = 0.006), ART-GDM vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.109), ART -GDM vs. SC (P = 0.001), ART vs. SC (P = 0.826), SC-GDM vs. SC (P = 105), ART vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.198)
  10. hART vs. ART-GDM (P = 0.205), ART-GDM vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.001), ART -GDM vs. SC (P = 0.118), ART vs. SC (P = 0.854), SC-GDM vs. SC (P < 0.001), ART vs. SC-GDM (P = 0.001)