Skip to main content

Table 2 Dietary, familial and lifestyle characteristics of mothers with/without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Tigray, 2018

From: Risk factors for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among mothers in Tigray region, Ethiopia: matched case-control study

variable HDP/Cases
N = 110, N (%)
No HDP/Controls
N = 220, N (%)
COR
(95% CI)
P-value
Family history of hypertension
 Yes 22(20) 14(6.4) 3.6(1.7,7.6) 0.001
 No 88(80) 206 (93.6) 1.0  
Mean weight ± (SD) 63.2 (8.7) 60.8 (7.3)   0.01
Mean Height ± (SD) 1.61(.06) 1.62(.05)   0.09
MAUC
 ≤ 22.1 69 (62.7) 140(63.6) 1.0  
 > 22.1 41(37.3) 80 (36.4) 1.0(0.6, 2.0) 0.82
Pre-pregnancy mean weight ± (SD) 53.6 (8.4) 51.3 (6.8)   0.006
Pre-pregnancy mean BMI ± (SD 20.36(3.0) 19.8 (2.6)   0.05
Fruit use
 Yes 60(54.5) 193(87.7) 1.0  
 No 50 (45.5) 27 (12.3) 5.3 (3.0, 9.4) < 0.001
Vegetable use
 Yes 47(42.7) 133(60.4) 1.0 0.002
 No 63(57.3) 87(39.6) 2.1(1.3, 3.3)  
BMI of mothers
 < 18.5 33 (30.0) 67 (30.5) 1.0  
 18.5–24.9 65 (59.1) 147 (66.8) 0.9(0.6,1.6) 0.8
 ≥ 25 12 (10.9) 6 (2.7) 4.3(1.4,13.6) 0.01
Coffee use
 Yes 93(84.5) 149(67.7) 3.0(1.6, 5.9) 0.001
 No 17(15.5) 71(32.3) 1.0  
Frequency of coffee use (N = 242)
 ≥ once a day 76 (81.7) 104 (69.8) 3.2 (1.3, 8.3) 0.01
 < once a day 17 (18.3) 45 (30.2) 1.0  
volume of coffee use (N = 242)
 < 3 cups 28(30.1) 69(46.3) 1.0  
 ≥ 3 cups 65(69.9) 80(53.7) 2.1(1.0, 4.1) 0.03