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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of mothers with and without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Tigray, 2018

From: Risk factors for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among mothers in Tigray region, Ethiopia: matched case-control study

variable HDP/Cases N = 110, N (%) No HDP/Controls N = 220, N (%) COR (95% CI) P-value
Age group
 ≤ 18 7(6.4) 10(4.6) 1.5(0.58, 4.1) 0.378
 19–34 77(70.0) 184(83.6) 1.0  
 ≥ 35 26(23.6) 26(11.8) 2.3(1.3, 4.2) 0.006
Residence
 rural 71(64.5) 76(34.5) 3.1 (1.9, 5.0) < 0.001
 urban 39(35.4) 144(65.4) 1.0  
Marital status
 married 104(94.5) 199(90.5) 1.0  
 Unmarried 6(5.4) 21(9.5) 0.5 (0.2,1.4) 0.2
Partner change
 Yes 14(12.7) 26(11.8) 1.09 (0.5, 2.2) 0.8
 No 96(87.2) 194(88.2) 1.0  
Religion
 orthodox 103(93.6) 199(90.5) 1.4 (0.5, 3.6) 0.49
 Muslim 6(5.5) 16(7.3) 1.0  
Maternal education
 literate 74(67.3) 153(69.5) 1.0  
 illiterate 36(32.7) 67(30.5) 1.12(0.7, 1.9) 0.65
Ethnicity
 Tigrian 105(95.5) 200(90.9) 1.0  
 Amhara 4(3.6) 17(7.7) 0.4 (0.14, 1.36) 0.15
Occupation
 Housewife 71 (64.5) 150(68.2) 1.0  
 Government employee 22(20.0) 33(15) 1.4(0.7, 2.7) 0.26
 NGO employee 8(7.3) 7(3.2) 2.5(0.8, 7.7) 0.08
0.17
 Private employee 7(6.4) 28(12.7) 0.5(0.2,1.3)  
Husband education
 Illiterate 14(12.7) 31 (14.1) 0.9 (0.4, 1.9) 0.8
 Read and write 14(12.7) 26(11.82) 1.1(0.5, 2.3) 0.7
 Primary 23(20.9) 42(19.1) 1.1(0.6, 2.1) 0.6
 Secondary and above 59(53.6) 122(55) 1.0  
Income category
 ≤ 2500 37 (33.64) 62 (28.18) 0.8(0.4,1.5) 0.5
 2501–4999 48 (43.64) 106 (48.18) 0.9 (0.5, 1.7) 0.8
 ≥ 5000 25 (22.73) 52 (23.64) 1.0