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Table 1 Characteristics and factors associated with initiation of ART/pARV in Central Women Hospital, Mandalay, Myanmar

From: Uptake of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive women ever enrolled into ‘prevention of mother to child transmission’ programme, Mandalay, Myanmar—a cohort study

Characteristics Total n ART or pARV initiation, n (%) ART initiation rate (100 person-month-follow-up) cHR (95% CI) P value aHR* (95% CI) P value
Total 670 588 (88) 54     
Age (in years)
 <=30 400 348 (87) 48 1    
 > 30 270 240 (89) 63 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 0.27   
Patients’ residence
 Outside MDY 159 139 (87) 61 1 (0.8–1.1) 0.55   
 MDY 511 449 (88) 51 1    
Spouse HIV status recorded
 No 223 177 (79) 34 1   1  
 Yes 447 411 (92) 72 1.3 (1.1–1.6)§ < 0.01 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.18
Baseline CD4 count (cells/mm3)
 <=350 311 297 (95) 93 1.2 (1–1.4) 0.06 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 0.28
 > 350 302 271 (90) 42 1   1  
 missing 57 20 (35)      
Baseline WHO staging
 I & II 311 272 (87) 50 1    
 III & IV 359 316 (88) 57 1 (0.8–1.2) 0.75   
Baseline Haemoglobin level
 < 11 g% 372 357 (96) 97 1.2 (1.0–1.5)§ < 0.05 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 0.95
 ≥11 g% 234 205 (88) 36 1   1  
 missing 64 26 (41)      
Literacy status
 Literate 622 553 (89) 53 1.5 (1–2.2) 0.05 1.4 (0.9–2.2) 0.11
 Illiterate 36 25 (69) 44 1   1  
 Missing 12 10 (83)      
Pregnancy stage at enrolment
 Before delivery 566 539 (95) 102 4.7 (3.5–6.4)§ < 0.001 4.4 (3.2–6.1)§ < 0.001
 During deivery/Post-partum 104 49 (47) 9 1   1  
  1. ART Anti-retroviral therapy, pARV Anti-retroviral prophylaxis, cHR crude Hazard Ratio, aHR Adjusted Hazard Ratio, p p value, 95% CI 95% confident interval, MDY Mandalay
  2. §Statistically significant
  3. *Characteristics with p < 0.15 in unadjusted analysis were included in adjusted analysis