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Table 2 Factors associated with maternal use of orthodox medication (N=795)

From: First trimester medication use in pregnancy in Cameroon: a multi-hospital survey

Factor Total At least one orthodox medication Chi Sq. df P-value
n (%) n (%)   
795(100) 582(73.2)   
Health unit    135.0 19 0.000
 Ar,p 43(5.4) 21 (48.8)    
 Br,g 37(4.7) 30 (81.1)    
 Cr,g 29(3.6) 23 (79.3)    
 Dr,g 22(2.8) 20 (90.9)    
 Eu,p 29(3.6) 27 (93.1)    
 Fu,g 39(4.9) 23 (59.0)    
 Gr,g 36(4.5) 19 (52.8)    
 Hr,g 35(4.4) 28 (80.0)    
 Ir,g 26(3.3) 22 (84.6)    
 Ju,g 44(5.5) 32 (72.7)    
 Ku,p 50(6.3) 49 (98.0)    
 Lu,g 15(1.9) 14 (93.3)    
 Mu,g 67(8.4) 52 (77.6)    
 Nu,p 18(2.3) 17 (94.4)    
 Or,g 108(13.6) 45 (41.7)    
 Pr,g 21(2.6) 18 (85.7)    
 Qr,g 45(5.7) 42 (93.3)    
 Rr,g 56(7.0) 39 (69.6)    
 Sr,g 49(6.2) 36 (73.5)    
 Tu,g 26(3.3) 25 (96.2)    
Health Districts    43.9 6 0.000
 Fontema 43(5.4) 21 (48.8)    
 Mbonge 66(8.3) 53 (80.3)    
 Kumba 90(11.3) 70 (77.8)    
 Muyuka 97(12.2) 69 (71.1)    
 Bueaa 194(24.4) 164 (84.5)    
 Tikoa 174(21.9) 105 (60.3)    
 Limbe 131(16.5) 100 (76.3)    
Setting type    1.4 1 0.235
 Urban 439(55.2) 314 (71.5)    
 Rural 356(44.8) 268 (75.3)    
Age (years)    1.9 3 0.594
 13-17 41(5.2) 24 (58.5)    
 18-25 380(47.8) 285 (75.0)    
 26-35 335(42.1) 243 (72.5)    
 36-45 39(4.9) 30 (76.9)    
Marital status   () 2.5 4 0.645
 Married 486(61.1) 352 (72.4)    
 Divorced 6(0.8) 4 (66.7)    
 Engaged 64(8.1) 44 (68.8)    
 Cohabitating (No formal engagement) 68(8.6) 54 (79.4)    
Single 171(21.5) 128 (74.9)    
Level of Education    33.9 4 0.000
 Never went to school 19(2.4) 13 (68.4)    
 Primarya 205(25.8) 123 (60.0)    
 Secondary 329(41.4) 245 (74.5)    
 High School 129(16.2) 101 (78.3)    
 University/Professionala 113(14.2) 100 (88.5)    
Living condition    13.8 2 0.001
 House with Pit /external toileta 597(75.1) 417 (69.8)    
 Renting self-contained studio 104(13.1) 86 (82.7)    
 Renting or Own a self-contained House 94(11.8) 79 (84.0)    
Level of Alcohol consumption in pregnancy    0.4 3 0.937
 Do not drink Alcohol 362(45.5) 264 (72.9)    
 Drink Occasionally 324(40.8) 237 (73.1)    
 1-2 bottles of beer/glass of wine a week 86(10.8) 65 (75.6)    
 Greater than 1 bottles of beer/glass of wine a day 23(2.9) 16 (69.6)    
Gravidity    4.6 4 0.332
 1 293(36.9) 221 (75.4)    
 2 197(24.8) 145 (73.6)    
 3 152(19.1) 114 (75.0)    
 4 94(11.8) 64 (68.1)    
 ≥5 59(7.4) 38 (64.4)    
Parity    7.5 3 0.057
 0 323(40.6) 236 (73.1)    
 1 202(25.4) 155 (76.7)    
 2 145(18.2) 111 (76.6)    
 ≥3 125(15.7) 80 (64.0)    
Terminations/miscarriages    1.9 2 0.385
 0 424(53.3) 308 (72.6)    
 1 56(7.0) 40 (71.4)    
 2 22(2.8) 13 (59.1)    
GA at interview    7.6 3 0.056
 4th month 212(26.7) 168 (79.2)    
 5th month 230(28.9) 171 (74.3)    
 6th month 294(37.0) 203 (69.0)    
 7th month 59(7.4) 40 (67.8)    
GA at ANC booking    72.8 3 0.000
 < 13 weeksa 199(25.0) 184 (92.5)    
 13 - 24 weeksa 529(66.5) 369 (69.8)    
 25 - 28 weeks 23(2.9) 12 (52.2)    
 Not registered for ANCa 44(5.5) 17 (38.6)    
Pregnancy planning   () 2.0 2 0.372
 Yes 474(59.6) 353 (74.5)    
 No 300(37.7) 216 (72.0)    
 Unknown 21(2.6) 13 (61.9)    
GA of pregnancy awareness    1.1 3 0.749
 1st month 476(59.9) 346 (72.7)    
 2nd month 131(16.5) 97 (74.0)    
 ≥3th month 32(4.0) 26 (81.3)    
 Unknown 156(19.6) 113 (72.4)    
Number of diseases/ailments    162.6 6 0.000
 0a 139(17.5) 52 (37.4)    
 1a 152(19.1) 90 (59.2)    
 2 142(17.9) 115 (81.0)    
 3a 116(14.6) 104 (89.7)    
 4a 108(13.6) 100 (92.6)    
 5a 67(8.4) 61 (91.0)    
 ≥6 71(8.9) 60 (84.5)    
Number (types) of acute conditions    31.8 6 0.000
 0 146(18.4) 56 (38.4)    
 1a 154(19.4) 50 (32.5)    
 2 145(18.2) 71 (49.0)    
 3a 129(16.2) 74 (57.4)    
 4a 106(13.3) 62 (58.5)    
 5 61(7.7) 23 (37.7)    
≥6 54(6.8) 20 (37.0)    
Number (types) of chronic conditions    7.7 2 0.023
 0 696(87.5) 300 (43.1)    
 1a 89(11.2) 52 (58.4)    
 ≥2 10(1.3) 4 (40.0)    
Season    0.0 1 0.933
 Dry 738 (92.8) 540 (73.2)    
 Rainy 57(7.2) 42 (73.7)    
Opinion on safety of Orthodox medicationduring pregnancy    1.3 3 0.026
 Yes, it is always safe 551(69.3) 395 (71.7)    
 Yes, safe but dependsa 157(19.7) 129 (82.2)    
 No, never safe 21(2.6) 15 (71.4)    
 I don't know 66(8.3) 43 (65.2)    
Participant received medication safety advice during current pregnancy    18.4 2 0.000
 Yesa 468(58.9) 369 (78.8)    
 Noa 287(36.1) 187 (65.2)    
 Can't remember 40(5.0) 26 (65.0)    
  1. aStatistical significance as calculated from the adjusted standardised residuals
  2. r Rural hospital, u Urban hospital, p Private hospital, g Government hopsital
  3. Chi Sq Chi-squared value based on test of independence, df degrees of freedom
  4. P = 0.05 indicates a statistically significant association based on the Chi-squared test of independence