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Table 1 Characteristics of randomized controlled trials included in the systematic review and meta-analysis (n = 9)

From: The effect of exercise during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus in normal-weight women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Year Country Subjects(N) Intervention description Parameters Diagnosis criteria
IG CG Type of exercise Gestational period (weeks) Duration (minutes) Frequency (times/week) Intensity Maternal Neonatal
Barakat et al. [45] 2013 Spain 107 93 mobilization exercises, aerobic dance, and muscle training. from 9 to 13 weeks to the end of the third trimester 50–60 3 Light- moderate Not mentioned.
Barakat et al. (a) [51] 2013 Spain 210 218 aerobic exercises, muscle strength and flexibility weeks 10 to 12 of pregnancy to the end of the third trimester 50–55 3 moderate WHO
Barakat et al. (b) [51] 2013 Spain 210 218 aerobic exercises, muscle strength and flexibility weeks 10 to 12 of pregnancy to the end of the third trimester 50–55 3 moderate IADPSG
Barakat et al. [49] 2011 Spain 40 43 two land aerobic sessions and one aquatic activities session. from week 6–9 to the end of the third trimester 35–45 3 Light- moderate Self-reported
Cordero et al. [44] 2014 Spain 101 156 two on land and one as an aquatic activity weeks 10 and 14 to the end of the third trimester 50–60 3 Light- moderate NDDG
Stafne et al. [50] 2012 Norway 375 327 aerobics, resistance, stretching between 20 and 36 gestation weeks 60 1 Moderate WHO
Tomić et al. [48] 2013 Croatia 166 168 aerobic exercise From 6 to 8 gestation week till the week of delivery 50 3 Moderate WHO
Ruiz et al. [47] 2013 Spain 481 481 aerobics exercise and resistance exercises From week 9 to week 38–39 50–55 3 Light-moderate Not mentioned
Barakat et al. [46] 2014 Spain 152 138 toning and joint mobilization exercises and resistance exercises From week 8–10 to week 38–39 55–60 3 Moderate Not mentioned
  1. IG intervention group, CG control group
  2. Barakat et al. (a) = analysis with World Health Organization criteria; Barakat et al. (b) = analysis with International Association for Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group criteria