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Table 2 Descriptive data on exposure variable, outcomes and technology use

From: Associations between social support, mental wellbeing, self-efficacy and technology use in first-time antenatal women: data from the BaBBLeS cohort study

  Scale score range n responses missing (N = 492) Median (LQ - UQ)
MSPSS overall 12–84   81.0 (74.0–84.0)
MSPSS Significant other 4–28   28.0 (28.0–28.0)
MSPSS Family 4–28 8 (1.6%) 28.0 (25.0–28.0)
MSPSS Friends 4–28   27.0 (24.0–28.0)
WEMWBS overall 14–70 17 (3.5%) 54.0 (48.0–60.0)
Antenatal TOPSE overall 0–360 44 (8.9%) 319.0 (295.5–340)
MTUAS overall 1–6   5.1 (4.7–5.4)
MTUAS Text messaging 1–6   6.0 (6.0–6.0)
MTUAS Phone calling 1–6 1 (0.2%) 6.0 (5.0–6.0)
MTUAS Smartphone use 1–6   6.0 (6.0–6.0)
MTUAS Internet searching 1–6   6.0 (5.0–6.0)
MTUAS General social media use 1–6   4.0 (3.3–5.0)
   n responses missing (N = 492) n (%)
Uses mobile phone   1 (0.2%) 490 (99.8%)
Uses a tablet (e.g. iPad/Android)   4 (0.8%) 317 (65.0%)
Accesses the internet on phone/tablet   7 (1.4%) 485 (99.8%)
Accesses the internet at home   3 (0.6%) 481 (98.4%)
Uses pregnancy app(s)   3 (0.6%) 356 (72.8%)
  1. MSPSS, WEMWBS and Antenatal TOPSE consist of sum scores. MTUAS consists of mean scores
  2. All four scale variables were not normally distributed, therefore median and LQ-UQ are reported. However, error terms of the outcome variables were normally distributed
  3. MSPSS Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, MTUAS Media and Technology Usage and Attitudes Scale, WEMWBS Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, TOPSE Tool to Measure Parenting Self-Efficacy