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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the meta-analysis

From: Does a maternal history of abuse before pregnancy affect pregnancy outcomes? A systematic review with meta-analysis

First Author /Pub Date Country Participants Study Design Sample size Type of Abuse Time of Abuse Outcomes Study Quality
Christiaens/2015 [3] Canada All ethnic groups Case- control 622 Childhood abuse Childhood PTD 7
Silverman/2006 [29] USA All ethnic groups Case- control 118,579 Intimate partner physical Abuse Recent PTD
LBW
7
Jagoe/ 2000 [37] USA Low risk nonurban population Cohort 84 Intimate partner physical Abuse Anytime in married life PTD
LBW
5
Campbell/1999 [27] USA All ethnic groups Case-control 252 Intimate partner emotional
physical, and sexual abuse
Anytime in married life LBW 5
Grimstad/ 1999 & 1997 [25, 36] Norway All ethnic groups Case-control 174 Sexual Abuse
Intimate partner sexual abuse
Childhood
Anytime in married life
PTD
LBW
4
Neggers/ 2004 [28] USA Low income/low risk population(82% African-American) Case-control 3103 Intimate partner physical abuse leading to Injury Recent PTD
LBW
4
Stevens- Simon/1994 [39] USA Low income, African American Cohort 127 Physical abuse Childhood PTD
LBW
5
Noll/ 2007 [30] USA All ethnic groups Cohort 186 Sexual abuse Childhood PTD 8
Henriksen/ 2014 [42] Norway All ethnic groups Cohort 76,870 Sexual violence (severe, mild, moderate) Childhood
Anytime in married life
Recent
PTD
LBW
7
Taft/ 2007 [31] Australia All ethnic groups Cohort 9692 Intimate partner violence Anytime in married life PTD 5
Leeners/ 2014 [33] Switzerland All ethnic groups Cohort 255 Sexual abuse Childhood PTD 8
Curry/ 1998 [26] USA All ethnic groups Cohort 1597 Physical abuse
Sexual abuse
Recent LBW 7
Fried / 2008 [41] USA All ethnic groups Cross-sectional 1555 Emotional, physical, Sexual abuse Anytime in married life PTD
LBW
8
Selk/2016 [51] USA Nurses Case- control 51,434 Physical abuse
Sexual abuse
Childhood PTD 6
Harville/2010 [32] UK All ethnic group Cohort 4865 Violence Childhood LBW
PTD
6
Scribano/ 2013 [38] USA Low income mothers Case- control 10,855 Intimate partner violence Recent LBW
PTD
7
  1. Characteristics of all studies that were included in the meta-analysis are presented