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Table 3 Associations of sociodemographic and obstetrical variables and maternal near miss with neonatal near miss

From: Neonatal near miss determinants at a maternity hospital for high-risk pregnancy in Northeastern Brazil: a prospective study

  Neonatal near miss RR (95% CI) P
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Distal factors
 Race/skin color (nonwhite) 170(76.9) 583(80.6) 0.84 (0.64–1.10) 0.22
 Education level (<  8 years) 121(54.8) 385(53.3) 1.04 (0.83–1.32) 0.69
 Origin (inner state) 116(52.5) 359(49.7) 1.09 (0.86–1.37) 0.46
 Income (< minimum wage) 185(83.7) 571(79.0) 1.27 (0.92–1.75) 0.12
 Age (<  20 years old) 86(38.9) 185(25.6) 1.58 (1.25–1.99) 0.0001
 Age (>  35 years old) 12(5.4) 114(15.8) 0.37 (0.21–0.64) 0.00007
 Marital status (without a partner) 54(24.4) 141(19.5) 1.24 (0.95–1.61) 0.11
Intermediate factors
 No prenatal care 6(2.7) 11(1.5) 1.52 (0.79–2.92) 0.18*
  < 6 prenatal care visits 133(60.2) 211(29.2) 2.63 (2.08–3.33) < 0.0000001
 Prenatal care at service 179(81.0) 544(75.2) 1.30 (0.96–1.75) 0.07
 No household visits 219(99.1) 698(96.5) 3.22 (0.84–12.29) 0.04
 No referral for childbirth 160(72.4) 441(61.0) 1.49 (1.15–1.94) 0.002
 Current pregnancy (cesarean section) 165(74.7) 548(75.8) 0.95 (0.73–1.24) 0.73
 Previous cesarean section 35(15.8) 214(29.6) 0.52 (0.37–0.73) 0.00004
 Nulliparity 112(50.7) 302(41.8) 1.31 (1.04–1.65) 0.01
 Noncephalic presentation 28(12.7) 43(6.0) 1.78 (1.30–2.44) 0.0009
 Admission to an intensive care unit 25(11.3) 43(5.9) 1.64 (1.17–2.28) 0.006
 Smoker 9(4.2) 20(2.7) 1.33 (076–2.33) 0.32
Proximal factors
 Fetal malformation 19(8.6) 9(1.2) 3.07 (2.32–4.08) <  0.0000001
 Comorbidities 78(35.3) 306(42.3) 0.79 (0.62–1.01) 0.06
 Maternal near miss 15(6.7) 19(2.6) 1.94 (1.31–2.89) 0.003
 Maternal near miss clinical criteria 14(6.3) 17(2.3) 1.99 (1.32–2.98) 0.003
 Maternal near miss laboratory criteria 05(2.2) 9(1.2) 1.53 (0.75–3.13) 0.42*
 Maternal near miss management criteria 09(4.0) 12(1.7) 1.86 (1.12–3.1) 0.07*
  1. *Analysis performed with Fisher’s exact test