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Table 1 Demographic and behavioral characteristics of study participants, by preeclampsia status

From: Delayed access to emergency obstetrical care among preeclamptic and non-preeclamptic women in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti

  Non-preeclamptic n (%) Preeclamptic n (%) p-value
n = 210 n = 292  
Mean age (SD) 27.2 (6.2) 29.7 (6.8) < 0.01
Married or cohabitating 149 (71.3) 223 (76.4) 0.20
Attended some secondary school or university 152 (73.1) 206 (71.3) 0.66
Employed in formal sector 15 (7.4) 16 (5.6) 0.43
Had religious affiliation 184 (88.0) 276 (95.2) < 0.01
Owned home 64 (30.5) 138 (47.3) < 0.01
Internally displaced 1 (0.5) 8 (2.8) 0.04
“Doing well” or “good” (reported economic status)1 12 (5.8) 25 (8.7) 0.22
ANC2 with health professional 203 (96.7) 281 (96.2) 0.80
Adequate ANC (4+ visits) 171 (84.2) 231 (83.1) 0.74
Diagnosis of preeclampsia in current pregnancy 15 (7.2) 136 (46.9) < 0.01
Birth plan made with health professional3 191 (91.0) 258 (89.0) 0.35
Birth plan made with TBA 35 (16.6) 38 (13.0) 0.18
ANC with TBA 43 (20.6) 61 (20.9) 0.77
Remembered any preeclampsia danger signs 31 (14.8) 93 (31.9) < 0.01
Any medications taken in pregnancy 193 (91.9) 266 (91.1) 0.34
Medications prescribed by health professional 191 (91.0) 267 (91.8) 0.20
Antihypertensive medications reported 0 (0) 38 (13.0) < 0.01
Did not remember the name of medications taken 86 (41.0) 102 (34.9) 0.17
  1. 1Economic status self-reported via four-item scale using locally appropriate terminology, choices included “doing well”, “good”, “not too bad” and “no money”
  2. 2ANC = Antenatal care. DHS = Demographic and Health Surveys. TBA = Traditional birth attendant
  3. 3Birth plans refer to a discussion between provider and patient about intentions and plans for birth