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Table 2 Comparison of maternal and fetal outcomes between febrile/hypothermic participants and normothermic participants

From: Incidence of postpartum infection, outcomes and associated risk factors at Mbarara regional referral hospital in Uganda

Characteristic (n = 1913) Normothermic
number (%)
(n = 1708)
Febrile or hypothermic
number (%)
(n = 205)
P-value*
MATERNAL COMPLICATIONS (n = 1726)
Any of the following complications 13 (1) 13 (7) < 0.001
Hysterectomy 1 (0.1) 0 (0) 1.0
Ruptured uterus 4 (0.3) 2 (1) 0.14
Blood transfusion 6 (0.4) 0 (0) 1.0
Re-operation 0 (0) 4 (2) < 0.001
Death 0 (0) 1 (1) 0.11
Cesarean wound surgical site infection 3 (0.2) 7 (4) < 0.001
Intensive care unit admission 0 (0) 1 (1) 0.11
Readmission to MRRH during postpartum period 12 (1) 17 (8) < 0.001
Maternal death within 6 weeks 0 (0) 3 (2) 0.002
MATERNAL CHART DIAGNOSES (n = 1767)
Premature rupture of membranes 19 (1) 8 (4) 0.002
Pre-eclampsia or eclampsia 14 (1) 4 (2) 0.13
Puerperal sepsis 2 (0.1) 14 (7) < 0.001
Obstructed or prolonged labor 107 (7) 31 (16) < 0.001
Antepartum hemorrhage 11 (1) 0 (0) 0.24
Chorioamnionitis 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 0.62
Malaria 2 (0.1) 1 (1) 0.22
FETAL AND BIRTH OUTCOMES (n = 1680)
Outcome of singleton neonate by discharge   < 0.001
Miscarriage 2 (0.1) 0 (0)  
Stillborn 40 (3) 16 (9)
Live birth 1431 (97) 168 (91)
Live birth, in hospital death 9 (1) 1 (1)
Singleton alive at discharge, dead by 2 weeks (n = 1415) 11 (1) 4 (2) 0.07
Live birth, multiple gestation (n = 106) 85 (96) 15 (88) 0.25
1-min Apgar score (n = 1648, mean, SD) 8.4 (1.8) 7.8 (2.6) < 0.001
5-min Apgar score (n = 1642, mean, SD) 9.6 (1.8) 9.0 (2.8) < 0.001
Singleton birth weight (kilograms)   0.01
< 2.5 83 (6) 14 (7)  
2.5–3.5 1048 (70) 145 (78)
3.6–4.0 286 (19) 27 (14)
> 4 73 (5) 1 (1)
Twin/triplet birth weight < 2.5 kg (n = 106) 36 (41) 12 (71) 0.02
Stillbirth or neonatal death within 6 weeks (n = 1597) 65 (5) 22 (12) < 0.001
  1. MRRH Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, SD standard deviation, IQR Interquartile range
  2. *Tests of association between complications/outcomes and temperature classification were performed using Chi squared, Fisher’s exact, and Student’s t-tests, where appropriate