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Table 2 Usual intake from foods and beverages, excluding supplements, estimated using repeated 24-h recalls in 312 women and repeated in a sub-sample of 107 women, and percentage of women with usual intake below Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)

From: Are women with history of pre-eclampsia starting a new pregnancy in good nutritional status in South Africa and Zimbabwe?

Estimated Daily Usual Intakeb South Africa Zimbabwe EARa % women with intakes below EAR
n = 224 n = 88 South Africa Zimbabwe
Energy (kcal) 1765.6 (346.6) 1827.9 (303.9) NAc NA NA
EER Estimated Energy Requirement (%) 0.88 (0.20) 0.93 (0.14) 0.8 37.7 19.1
Protein (g) 54.7 (7.8) 52.9 (25.8) d NA NA NA
Protein (g/kg) 0.82 (0.43) 0.79 (0.04) 0.88 71.1 98.3
Carbohydrates (g) 230.8 (57.5) 213.6 (22.3) 135 02.9 0.00
Total Sugars (g) 45.4 (19.4) 35.4 (10.7) NA NA NA
Fats (g) 59.1 (6.4) 76.4 (24.8) NA NA NA
Calcium (mg) 441.0 (97.7) 360.5 (171.4) 800 99.9 97.6
Iron (mg) 9.9 (5.3) 7.9 (1.7) 22 96.9 100.0
Folate (mcg) 253.2 (69.1) 240.6 (46.2) 520 99.9 100.0
Mg (mg) 239.6 (51.1) 262.5 (38.8) 290 83.9 77.3
Zn (mg) 7.3 (1.7) 6.4 (1.6) 9.5 90.4 95.7
Se (mcg) 37.9 (4.3) 37.5 (11.8) 49 99.1 83.7
Riboflavin (mg) 1.3 (0.6) 0.8 (0.5) 1.2 54.0 84.0
Niacin (mg) 13.0 (3.8) 13.0 (3.7) 14 63.8 64.9
Vitamin C (mg) 82.4 (45.1) 109.80 (41.8) 70 46.6 15.6
Vitamin E (mg) 10.1 (3.8) 26.4 (9.1) 12 73.5 03.7
  1. aEAR Estimated average requirement
  2. bUsual intake was obtained using the IOWA methodology
  3. cNA not applicable)
  4. dThis value represents the mean of the first interview