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Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: Are women with history of pre-eclampsia starting a new pregnancy in good nutritional status in South Africa and Zimbabwe?

  All South Africa Zimbabwe
n = 312 % n = 224 % n = 88 %
Age (years)
 Less than 20 1 0.3 0 0 1 1.1
 20 to less than 35 255 81.7 182 81.3 73 83
 35 and older 56 17.9 42 18.8 14 17.9
Parity
 1 121 38.8 93 41.5 28 31.8
 2 111 35.6 79 35.3 32 36.4
 3 or more 79 25.3 51 22.8 28 31.8
 Missing 1 0.3 1 0.4 0 0
Months in study from admission to 20 weeks´ gestation
 Mean (sd) 312 12.5 (7.4) 224 13.1 (7.4) 88 11.0 (7.4)
 Less than 6 month 94 30.1 60 26.8 34 38.6
 6 to less than 12 month 88 28.2 59 26.3 29 33.0
 12 to less than 24 month 97 31.1 79 35.3 18 20.5
 24 or more month 32 10.3 25 11.2 7 8.0
 Missing 1 0.3 1 0.4 0 0
Months since last birth with PE to 20 weeks´ gestation
 Mean (sd) 312 24.5 (22.5) 224 30.3 (23.7) 88 27.4 (19.0)
 Less than 6 month 9 2.9 7 3.1 2 2.3
 6 to less than 12 month 54 17.3 39 17.4 15 17.0
 12 to less than 24 month 94 30.1 62 27.7 32 36.4
 24 or more month 135 43.3 102 45.5 33 37.5
 Missing 20 6.4 14 6.3 6 6.8
Anthropometric variables
 Height at admission - mean (sd) 286 160.3 (6.4) 202 159.9 (6.4) 84 161.1 (6.4)
 Weight at admission - mean (sd) 302 76.1 (17.4) 217 78.9 (18.2) 85 69.0 (12.6)
 Weight at week 8 of gestation - mean (sd) 251 77.1 (16.9) 173 80.2 (17.7) 78 70.2 (12.4)
 Weight at week 20 of gestation - mean (sd) 300 80.2 (17.5) 215 83.5 (18.1) 85 71.9 (12.6)
 Weight at week 32 of gestation - mean (sd) 224 84.0 (17.0) 158 88.2 (17.5) 66 74.0 (10.1)
 Mean BMI at admission - mean (sd) 283 29.6 (6.3) 201 30.7 (6.6) 82 26.8 (4.5)
Body Mass Index at admission
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) 3 1.0 2 0.9 1 1.1
 Normal (18.5 BMI < 25 kg/m2) 62 19.9 34 15.2 28 31.8
 Overweight (25 BMI < 30 kg/m2) 95 30.4 62 27.7 33 37.5
 Obesity I (30 BMI 35 kg/m2) 75 24.0 58 25.9 17 19.3
 Obesity II (35 BMI 40 kg/m2) 32 10.3 30 13.4 2 2.3
 Obesity III (BMI > 40 kg/m2) 16 5.1 15 6.7 1 1.1
 Missing 29 9.3 23 10.3 6 6.8