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Table 3 Maternal characteristics of women declining the routine malformation scan compared with women passively deselecting the routine malformation scan

From: Reasons for non-participation in malformation scans in Denmark: a cohort study

  All Active decliners Passive decliners
Variable N (%)a N (%)a N (%)a
Total number of women 153 12 124
Age (years) 27.8 (14–41) 30.6 (23–38) 27.5 (14–41)
Civil status
 Single 29 (19.0) 4 (33.3) 33 (26.6)
 Cohabiting 123 (80.4) 8 (66.7) 91 (73.4)
 Unknown 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Smoking status
 Yes 25 (16.3) 4 (33.3) 18 (14.5)
 No 125 (81.7) 8 (66.7) 104 (83.9)
 Unknown 3 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.6)
Parity
 Nulliparous 82 (53.6) 2 (16.7) 75 (60.5)b
 Multiparous 70 (45.8) 10 (83.3) 49 (39.5)
 Unknown 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
BMI
  < 18.5 10 (6.5) 1 (8.3) 7 (5.9)
 18.5–24.99 85 (55.6) 6 (50.0) 71 (60.2)
 25.00–29.99 26 (17.0) 2 (16.7) 22 (18.6)
  ≥ 30.00 24 (15.7) 3 (25.0) 18 (15.3)
 Unknown 8 (5.2) 0 (0.0) 6 (4.8)
Country of origin
 Denmark 58 (37.9) 8 (66.7) 48 (38.7)
 Other 93 (60.8) 4 (33.3) 75 (60.5)
 Unknown 2 (1.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8)
Language
 Danish 77 (50.3) 10 (83.3) 62 (50.0)b
 Other than Danish 76 (49.7) 2 (16.7) 62 (50.0)
Gestational week first contact hospital 27 + 3 12 + 4 30 + 3
Late malformation scan
 Yes 37 (24.2) 0 (0.0) 33 (26.6)
 No 115 (75.2) 12 (100.0) 91 (73.4)
 Unknown 1 (0.7)   
Child with a malformation
 Yes 2 (1.3) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.6)
 No 150 (98.0) 12 (100.0) 121 (97.6)
 Unknown 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8)
  1. BMI body mass index; aData are given as mean (range) or N (%). Comparison of active and passive decliners by Fisher’s exact test: bP < 0.05