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Table 3 Percent distribution of women, 5 years preceding the survey, given birth at home

From: Decision-making for birth location among women in Pakistan: evidence from national survey

Characteristic Reason for delivering at home N
Getting a permission to go is Money is Distance to health facility is Transport is Going alone is
Problem No problem Problem No problem Problem No problem Problem No problem Problem No problem
Education of Woman X2 = 79.5951 X2 = 135.5945 X2 = 143.7967 X2 = 156.0720 X2 = 98.2706  
 No education 38.99 61.01 55.74 44.26 61.55 38.45 66.27 33.73 72.84 27.16 2585
 Primary 25.36 74.64 37.80 62.20 40.91 59.09 66.27 33.73 56.70 43.30 418
 Secondary 21.62 78.38 30.93 69.07 38.44 61.56 42.34 57.66 57.36 42.64 333
 Higher 12.94 87.06 21.18 78.82 25.88 74.12 28.24 71.76 41.18 58.82 85
Economic Status X2 = 75.0153 X2 = 241.1833 X2 = 268.0461 X2 = 367.2921 X2 = 169.7331  
 Poor 40.64 59.36 60.79 39.21 66.83 33.17 73.27 26.73 76.81 23.19 2035
 Middle 29.35 70.65 40.59 59.41 46.21 53.79 48.17 51.83 60.67 39.33 712
 Rich 23.89 76.11 28.78 71.22 33.09 66.91 35.01 64.99 52.08 47.92 674
Region X2 = 527.8957 X2 = 444.4570 X2 = 463.6556 X2 = 522.0422 X2 = 272.4123  
 Punjab 11.59 88.41 23.08 76.92 26.53 73.47 29.32 70.68 47.27 52.73 897
 Sindh 28.07 71.93 44.59 55.41 60.73 39.27 66.97 33.03 70.64 29.36 545
 KPK 40.92 59.08 65.30 34.70 66.04 33.96 66.79 33.21 80.35 19.65 804
 Baluchistan 62.09 37.91 67.25 32.75 73.83 26.17 77.11 22.89 77.00 23.00 852
 GB 25.39 74.61 53.25 46.75 56.66 43.34 76.78 23.22 72.76 27.24 323
Residence X2 = 16.9964 X2 = 74.7497 X2 = 152.1964 X2 = 131.7937 X2 = 85.0209  
 Urban 29.91 70.09 39.12 60.88 40.08 59.92 46.02 53.98 57.53 42.47 1043
 Rural 37.22 62.78 55.17 44.83 55.89 44.11 66.86 33.14 73.42 26.58 2378